Abdul Rashid Dostum

From Academic Kids

General Abdul Rashid Dostum (also Abdurrashid Dostum, born 1954) is the Deputy Defense Minister of Afghanistan and an Uzbek warlord. He is leader of Junbish Milli / Junbesh-i Melli-i Islami ,Jombesh-e Melli Islami (National Islamic Movement Afghanistan).

He began as a union boss in the 1970s until he formed an Uzbek militia. He supported the Gorbachev-era Communist reforms in Afghanistan. He defended the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan against the United States-backed mujahedin in the 1980s. Although he was only a regional commander, he had largely raised the militia he fought with on his own.

On April 18, 1992, he revolted against the government of Mohammed Najibullah, allying with Ahmed Shah Massoud. Together, they captured Kabul, the Afghan capital.

In 1994, Dostum again switched sides, allying with forces of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, in once more laying siege on Kabul, this time against the government of Burhanuddin Rabbani and Massoud.

In 1996, following the rise of the Taliban and their capture of Herat and Kabul, Dostum realigned himself with Rabbani against the Taliban. Along with General Mohammed Fahim and Ismail Khan, Dostum was one of three factional leaders that comprised the Northern Alliance. Facing capture and death by Taliban forces, Dostum fled to Iran as an exile.

In 2001, he returned from exile on the heels of a U.S.-led bombing campaign that drove the Taliban from power. Since then, he has run parts of the country's north as his own fiefdom, nominally serving as a deputy defense minister in the national government in Kabul but operating almost totally independent of the government.

In November of 2002, the United Nations began an investigation of alleged human rights abuses by Dostum. Witnesses claimed that Dostum jailed and tortured witnesses to prevent them from testifying in a war crimes case. Dostum is also under suspicion for the events of the Dasht-i-Leili massacre.

In March of 2003, he established a North Zone of Afghanistan, against the wishes of interim president Hamid Karzai. On May 20, 2003, Dostum signed an agreement to no longer serve as Karzai's special envoy for the northern regions.

Forces loyal to Dostum continue to clash with forces loyal to Tajik General Mohammed Atta.

Some say that within his areas of control, he encourages women to live and work freely, as well as music, sports, alcohol, and allows for people of other religions. However it is claimed that during the civil war he financed his army through opium trading. He has also been accused by people fleeing Afghanistan of being involved in human rights violations: arresting and killing people all over the country through government infrastructure.

External link

gl:Abdul Rashid Dostum ja:ラシッド・ドスタム sl:Abdul Rašid Dostum


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