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Aimé Fernand David Césaire (born June 20, 1913, in Martinique) is a French poet and politician.

Contents

Biography

He was born in in Basse-Pointe, Martinique. In 1945, he was elected French National Assembly member from Martinique, as a member of the French Communist Party. Later that year he was elected mayor of Fort-de-France. Aimé Césaire remains one of the most famous black contemporary writers. His writings reflect his passion for civic and social engagement. He is the author of a famous Discours sur le colonialisme (1950) first published in the French review Présence Africaine.

Works

Poetry

  • Cahier d'un retour au pays natal (1939), Return to my native land (bilingual edition), Paris: Présence Africaine 1968
  • Armes miraculeuses (1946)
  • Soleil cou coupé (1947)
  • Corps perdu (1950)
  • Ferrements (1960)
  • Cadastre (1961)
  • Moi, laminaire (1982)
  • Collected Poetry, University of California Press 1983

Plays

  • Et les Chiens se taisaient, tragédie: arrangement théâtral. Paris: Présence Africaine, 1958, 1997.
  • La Tragédie du roi Christophe. Paris: Présence Africaine, 1963, 1993. The tragedy of King Christophe, New York: Grove 1969
  • Une Tempête, d'après La tempête de Shakespeare: adaptation pour un théâtre nègre. Paris: Seuil, 1969, 1997. A Tempest, New York: Ubu repertory 1986
  • Une Saison au Congo. Paris: Seuil, 1966, 2001. A season in the Congo, New York 1968, A play about Patrice Lumumba

Other writings

  • Discourse on colonialism, New York, N.Y. : Monthly Review Press, 2000

Film about Césaire

Aimé Césaire - une voix pour l'histoire, french with english subtitles, Director: Euzhan Palcy

See also

External links

  • Aime Cesaire (http://www.emory.edu/ENGLISH/Bahri/Cesaire.html), biography, by Brooke Ritz, Postcolonial Studies website, English Department, Emory University. 1999.
  • Aimé Césaire (http://www.lehman.cuny.edu/ile.en.ile/paroles/cesaire.html), bibliography, biography, and links (in French), "île en île", City University of New York, 1998-2004.fr:Aimé CésaireTemplate:Politician-stub
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