Ajaccio

From Academic Kids

Template:FRdot Ajaccio (Corsican: Aiacciu) is a city and commune of France, prfecture (capital) of the dpartement of Corse-du-Sud and, since 1810 capital of the rgion of Corsica. Population (1999): 52,880.

Contents

Geography

Ajaccio is located on the west coast of the island of Corsica, 210 m. southeast of Marseille. It occupies a sheltered position at the foot of wooded hills on the northern shore of the Gulf of Ajaccio. The harbour lies to the east of the town and is protected on the south by a peninsula.

History

The present town of Ajaccio lies about two miles to the south of its original site, from which it was transferred by the Genoese in 1492. Occupied from 1553 to 1559 by the French, it again fell to the Genoese after the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrsis in the latter year. The town finally passed to the French in 1768.

Historical population:

  • 1906: 19,021

Sights

The peninsula carries the citadel and terminates in the Citadel jetty. To the south-west of this peninsula lies the Place Bonaparte, a quarter frequented chiefly by winter visitors attracted by the mild climate of the town. Apart from one or two fine thoroughfares converging on the Place Bonaparte, the streets are mean and narrow and the town has a deserted appearance.

The house in which Napoleon I was born in 1769 is preserved, and his associations with the town are everywhere emphasized by street-names and statues. The other buildings, including the cathedral of the 16th century, are of little interest.

Economy

Ajaccio has a small manufacturing economy of cigars, macaroni, and similar products, and carries on shipbuilding, sardine-fishing and coral-fishing. Its exports include timber, citrons, skins, chestnuts and gallic acid.

The port is accessible by the largest ships, but its accommodation is indifferent. In 1904 there entered 603 vessels with a tonnage of 202,980, and cleared 608 vessels with a tonnage of 202,502.

Miscellaneous

The town is the seat of a bishopric dating at least from the 7th century. It has tribunals of first instance and of commerce, training colleges, a communal college, a museum and a library; the three latter are established in the Palais Fesch, founded by Cardinal Fesch, who was born at Ajaccio in 1763.

Ajaccio was the birthplace of:

de:Ajaccio es:Ajaccio fr:Ajaccio gl:Ajaccio nl:Ajaccio ja:アジャクシオ no:Ajaccio pl:Ajaccio pt:Ajaccio ru:Аяччо sv:Ajaccio

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