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Aoraki/Mount Cook National Park

From Academic Kids

Aoraki / Mount Cook National Park is situated in the South Island of New Zealand near the town of Twizel. Aoraki Mount Cook village lies within the park. The area was formally gazetted as a national park in October 1953 and consists of reserves that were established as early as 1887 to protect the area's significant vegetation and landscape.

Contents

Geography

The park covers a little over 700 km2. Glaciers cover 40% of the park area, notably the Tasman Glacier on the slopes of Mount Cook itself.

Of New Zealand's 20 peaks over 3,000 metres, all except Mount Aspiring lie in the park. These include New Zealand's highest mountain, Mount Cook or Aoraki as it is also known, at 3753 metres. Other prominent peaks include Mount Tasman, Mount Hicks, Mount Sefton, and Mount Elie de Beaumont. The mountains of the Southern Alps in general are young, less than ten million years old, and are still building. Uplift in the region of the national park is at the rate of 50 centimetres per century.

The park is also part of Te Wahipounamu South Westland World Heritage Site in recognition of its outstanding natural values.

Flora and fauna

Most of the park is situated above the tree line so that the plant life consists mainly of alpine plants such as the Mount Cook buttercup, the large mountain daisies and wild spaniard or spear grass. Birdlife consists of species like the kea, the only alpine parrot and the well-camouflaged pipit.

Recreation

The park is popular for tramping, skiing and mountaineering. Department of Conservation administer activities in the park.

See also

External link

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