Armenian alphabet

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Matenadaran_Armenian_alphabet.jpg
Armenian alphabet in Matenadaran

Saint Mesrop Mashtots created the Armenian alphabet in 405 AD. It is used for the Armenian language.

Various scripts have been credited with being the prototype for the Armenian alphabet, including Pahlavi, Syriac, and Phoenician. However, the order of the letters, the use of the digraph ou for the vowel , and a noticeable similarity of letter forms to cursive Greek suggests that it was likely based on the Greek alphabet.

Alphabet:
Name Lowercase Uppercase Transcription num. Value
1 Ayb ա Ա a 1
2 Ben բ Բ b 2
3 Gim գ Գ g 3
4 Da դ Դ d 4
5 Yech` ե Ե e 5
6 Za զ Զ z 6
7 Eh է Է ē 7
8 t` ը Ը ə 8
9 T`o թ Թ t῾ 9
10 Zhe ժ Ժ ž 10
11 Ini ի Ի i 20
12 Liun լ Լ l 30
13 Xeh խ Խ x 40
14 C'a ծ Ծ c 50
15 Ken կ Կ k 60
16 Ho հ Հ h 70
17 Dz'a ձ Ձ j 80
18 Ghat ղ Ղ ł 90
19 Cheh ճ Ճ č 100
20 Men մ Մ m 200
21 Yi յ Յ y 300
22 Nu ն Ն n 400
23 Sha շ Շ š 500
24 Vo ո Ո o 600
25 Ch`a չ Չ č῾ 700
26 Peh պ Պ p 800
27 Jheh ջ Ջ ǰ 900
28 Rra ռ Ռ 1000
29 Seh ս Ս s 2000
30 Vew վ Վ v 3000
31 Tiun տ Տ t 4000
32 Reh ր Ր r 5000
33 C`o ց Ց č 6000
34 Hiun ւ Ւ w 7000
35 P`iur փ Փ p῾ 8000
36 K`eh ք Ք k῾ 9000
37 Oh օ Օ ō 10000
38 Feh ֆ Ֆ f 20000

Template:Alphabet

Modifiers and punctuation:
Name Character
Small Ligature Ech` Wiwn (functions as an ampersand) և
Modifier letters
Modifier Letter Left Half Ring ՙ
Apostrophe = Armenian Modifier Letter Right Half Ring ՚
Modifier Emphasis Mark = Shesht ՛
Punctuation
Exclamation Mark = Bac`aganch`akan Nshan ՜
Comma = Bowt` ՝
Question Mark = Harc`akan Nshan ՞
Abbreviation Mark = Patiw ՟
Full Stop = Verjhaket ։
Hyphen = Ent`amnay ֊

See also

de:Armenische Schrift fa:الفبای ارمنی fr:Alphabet armnien gl:Alfabeto armenio ja:アルメニア文字 nl:Armeens alfabet ru:Армянский алфавит sl:Armenska abeceda

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