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Carme (moon)

From Academic Kids

Carme
Discovery
Discovered by S. B. Nicholson
Discovered in July 30, 1938
Orbital characteristics
Mean radius 23,734,465 km (0.15866 AU)
Eccentricity 0.3122
Periastron 16,324,700 km (0.109 AU)
Apastron 31,144,200 km (0.208 AU)
Orbital period 747.008062 d (2.045 a)
Orbital circumference 145,425,000 km (0.972 AU)
Orbital velocity max: 3.191 km/s
mean: 2.253 km/s
min: 1.673 km/s
Inclination 165.54 (to the ecliptic)
120.66 (to Jupiter's equator)
Is a satellite of Jupiter
Physical characteristics
Mean diameter 46 km
Surface area ~6600 km2
Volume ~51,000 km3
Mass 1.3×1017 kg
Mean density 2.6 g/cm3
Surface gravity 0.017 m/s2 (0.0017 g)
Escape velocity ~0.028 km/s
Rotation period  ?
Axial tilt  ?
Albedo 0.04
Surface temp.
min mean max
K ~124 K K
Atmospheric pressure 0 kPa

Carme (kar'-mee, Greek Κάρμη) is one of Jupiter's moons. It was discovered by Seth Barnes Nicholson at Mount Wilson Observatory in California in July 1938. It is named after the mythological Carme, mother by Zeus of Britomartis, a Cretan goddess.

Carme did not receive its present name until 1975; before then, it was simply known as Jupiter XI. It was sometimes called "Pan". Note that Pan is now the name of a satellite of Saturn.

It gives its name to the Carme group, made up of irregular retrograde moons orbiting Jupiter at a distance ranging between 23 and 24 Gm and at an inclination of about 165.

Not to be confused with the asteroid 558 Carmen.

External links


... | Arche | Carme | Isonoe | ...


Jupiter's natural satellites

edit  (http://clipart.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php?title=Template:Jupiter_Footer&action=edit)

Metis | Adrastea | Amalthea | Thebe | Io | Europa | Ganymede | Callisto | Themisto | Leda | Himalia | Lysithea | Elara | S/2000 J 11 | Carpo | S/2003 J 12 | Euporie | S/2003 J 3 | S/2003 J 18 | Thelxinoe | Euanthe | Helike | Orthosie | Iocaste | S/2003 J 16 | Ananke | Praxidike | Harpalyke | Hermippe | Thyone | Mneme | S/2003 J 17 | Aitne | Kale | Taygete | S/2003 J 19 | Chaldene | S/2003 J 15 | S/2003 J 10 | S/2003 J 23 | Erinome | Aoede | Kallichore | Kalyke | Eurydome | S/2003 J 14 | Pasithee | Cyllene | Eukelade | S/2003 J 4 | Hegemone | Arche | Carme | Isonoe | S/2003 J 9 | S/2003 J 5 | Pasipha | Sinope | Sponde | Autonoe | Callirrhoe | Megaclite | S/2003 J 2
Amalthea group | Galilean moons | Himalia group | Ananke group | Carme group | Pasipha group
de:Carme (Mond)

fr:Carm (lune) nl:Carme (maan) sk:Carme (mesiac) sr:Карме sv:Carme zh:木卫十一

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