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Caspar David Friedrich

From Academic Kids

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Self-portait_by_Caspar_David_Friedrich.jpg
Self-portrait by Caspar David Friedrich (1810)

Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 - May 7, 1840) was an outstanding 19th century German romantic painter.

Born in Greifswald, he studied at Copenhagen from 1794 to 1798. After leaving Copenhagen he visited several scenic spots in Germany before choosing to live in Dresden. His famous painting "Mnch am Meer" (Monk at the Sea) impressed Karl Friedrich Schinkel (later Prussia's most famous classicistic architect) so much that he gave up painting and took up architecture, much to the benefit of German and world architecture. Caspar David Friedrich died in Dresden, Saxony.

His paintings portray the untamed power of nature; this is in sharp contrast to Enlightenment-era painters such as Thomas Gainsborough, who used nature to bring out qualities in their human subjects.

Partial list of paintings

  • Abbey Graveyard in the Snow
  • The Tree of Crows
  • Chalk Cliffs on Rgen
  • Abbey in an Oak Forest
  • Landscape in the Riesenberg
  • Landscape With Oak Trees and a Hunter
  • Moon Rising Over the Sea
  • On Board a Sailing Ship
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Sea_of_ice.jpg
The Sea of Ice, c. 1823-25
  • Port by Moonlight
  • The Cross in the Mountains
  • The Cross on the Mountain
  • View from the Painter's Studio
  • Woman on the Beach of Rgen
  • Cloister Graveyard in the Snow
  • Wanderer above the Sea of Fog
  • Cemetery at Dusk
  • Evening
  • Monk by the Sea
  • Tetschen-Altar

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