Charles III of Naples

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(Redirected from Charles II of Hungary)

Charles III, King of Naples, also known as Charles II of Hungary and Charles of Durazzo, Charles the Short, was King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem from 1382 to 1386, King of Hungary (under the name of King Kroly II the Small) from 1385 to 1386, and Prince of Achaea from 1383 to 1386.

He was the son of Louis of Durazzo and Margherita of Sanseverino.

As the great-grandchild of King Charles II of Naples, he was a second cousin to Queen Joan I (both agnatically) and also adopted by her as a child, since he was the only male of the senior Angevin line of Sicily. Joan I was infatuated with him throughout her life. However, much to her displeasure, her romantic interest in him was never requited. In 1369 he married Margherita of Durazzo, the daughter of Joan's younger sister Marie, and his own first cousin. The conflict between Joan and Pope Urban VI caused the Pope (as feudal overlord of the kingdom) to declare her dethroned in 1381 and give the kingdom to Charles. He marched on Naples with a Hungarian army, defeated the King Consort Otto, and seized the city, the Queen, and the kingdom. Charles to seize Naples and capture Joan in 1381. He revenged the death of Prince Andre upon her by having her strangled in prison in 1382 and succeeded to the crown. However, Joan's adopted heir Louis I of Anjou took possession of the Counties of Provence and Forcalquier and marched on Naples to claim the kingdom, but was defeated by Charles.

In 1383, he succeeded to the Principality of Achaea on the death of James of Baux. On the death of Louis I of Hungary, Charles claimed the Hungarian throne as the senior Angevin male, and ousted Louis' daughter Mary of Hungary in December, 1385. However, Louis' widow Elisabeth arranged to have Charles assassinated at Visegrd on February 24, 1386. He was buried in Belgrade. His son Ladislas of Naples succeeded him in Naples, while the regents of Mary of Hungary reinstated her as Queen of Hungary.

Names in other languages: Hungarian: (Durazzoi)III. Kroly, Slovak: Karol III (Neapolsk)


Preceded by:
Joan I
King of Naples
1382–1386
Succeeded by:
Ladislaus
Preceded by:
Jacques
Prince of Achaea
1383–1386
Succeeded by:
interregnum
Preceded by:
Maria
King of Hungary
1385–1386
Succeeded by:
Maria and Sigismund

Template:End boxfr:Charles III de Naples de:Karl II. (Ungarn) ja:カルロ3世 (ナポリ王)

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