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Clifford Alexander Jr

From Academic Kids

Clifford Leopold Alexander, Jr. (born September 21, 1933) is an American lawyer, businessman and public servant. He was the first African-American Secretary of the Army.

CLifford Alexander Jr was born in New York City and attended the Ethical Culture and Fieldston Schools there; graduated from Harvard University in 1955 and from from Yale University Law School in 1958. He enlisted in the New York National Guard in 1958 and served briefly with the 369th Field Artillery Battalion at Fort Dix, New Jersey. He married Adele Logan in 1959.

After being admitted to the bar he served as an assistant district attorney for New York County, 19591961; became executive director of the Manhattanville Hamilton Grange Neighborhood Conservation Project, then program and executive director of Harlem Youth Opportunities; and practiced law in New York City.

He was called to Washington in 1963 to serve as a foreign affairs officer on the National Security Council staff and was successively deputy special assistant to the President, associate special counsel, and deputy special counsel on the White House staff, 19641967. He was chairman of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, 19671969 and was a special representative of the President and headed the U.S. delegation to ceremonies marking the independence of the Kingdom of Swaziland in 1968.

Leaving government service, he practiced law with the Washington firm of Arnold and Porter between 1969 and 1975; was a television news commentator in Washington DC, 19721976; was a professor of law at Howard University, 19731974; ran unsuccessfully as a candidate for mayor of the District of Columbia, 1974; became a partner in the law firm of Verner, Liipfert, Bernhard, McPherson, and Alexander, 1975

He served as Secretary of the Army under the Carter Administration from February 14, 1977, to January 20, 1981. During this time he concentrated upon making the all-volunteer Army work, stressed programs to enhance professionalism, and emphasized the award of contracts to minority businesses.

He formed the consulting firm of Alexander and Associates in 1981 and now serves on the boards of directors of several national corporations and is a member of the Board of Governors of the American Stock Exchange.

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