Cornelis Tromp

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Cornelis Tromp, 16291691 by Sir Peter Lely, painted c. 1675.

Cornelis Tromp (September 9 1629May 29 1691) was a Commander in chief of the Dutch and Danish navy.

Tromp was born in Rotterdam, the second son of the later Admiral Maarten Tromp and Dignom Cornelisdochter de Haes. He served in the First Anglo-Dutch War, fighting in the Battle of Leghorn, but wasn't given command of the Mediterranean fleet after the death of Johan van Galen, only being promoted to Rear-Admiral in 1653 after the death of his beloved father Maarten. In the Second Anglo-Dutch War he fought as Vice-Admiral at the Battle of Lowestoft, was then temporarily given supreme command as Lieutenant-Admiral, but had to give up this function in favour of Michiel de Ruyter; he fought under the latter in the Four Days Battle and the St. James's Day Battle. As this failure at Nieuwpoort in August 1666 was imputed to him by De Ruyter he was dismissed, at the same time being under the suspicion of plotting to overthrow the government, but he returned in 1672, when the Orangists seized power, to fight against the French and English navies in the Third Anglo-Dutch War where he fought in the last three fleet actions under Admiral Michiel de Ruyter, distinguishing himself in the double Battle of Schooneveld and the Battle of Texel in 1673. He was closely involved in the murder of Johan de Witt and Cornelis de Witt. In 1675 he was given a baronet by Charles II of England and in 1676 became Admiral-General of the Danish navy and Knight in the Order of the Elephant; in 1677 a Danish count. He defeated the Swedish navy in the Battle of Íland. In 1679 he became Lieutenant-Admiral-General of the Republic but never fought in that capacity, having become a liability to the new regime of William III. He died in Amsterdam, his mind broken by alcohol abuse and remorse.


External link

nl:Cornelis Tromp sv:Cornelis Tromp

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