Counterweight

From Academic Kids

A counterweight is a weight that balances a load. They are often used in traction lifts (elevators), cranes, and funfair rides.

Missing image
Simple_Crane_diagram..png
Image:Simple Crane diagram..png

If the counterweight were not there, the load would tend to tip the crane forwards [clockwise]. The counterweight, which is usually made of a dense material such as concrete or lead, provides an anticlockwise moment that balances the load on the crane.

What's more: When the load is lifted, the counterweight is lowered. This reduces the amount of work done.

A counterweight is also used in many rotating systems to reduce vibrations due to imbalances in the rotating assembly. A typical example is counterweights on crankshafts in piston engines.

In traction (non-hydraulic) elevators, a heavy counterweight counterbalances the load of the elevator car, so the motor only has to lift the difference between the car load and the counterweight load.

nl:contragewicht

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