Crystal Palace, London

From Academic Kids

Crystal Palace (Upper Norwood)
OS Grid Reference:Template:Gbmappingsmall
Administration
Borough:Croydon, Lambeth, Bromley, Southwark
County:Greater London
Region:Greater London
Nation:England
Other
Ceremonial County:Greater London
Traditional County:Surrey, Kent
Post Office and Telephone
Post town:LONDON
Postcode:SE19
Dialling Code:020

Crystal Palace or Upper Norwood is an area in south London, England within the postcode London SE19. It is a residential district that straddles the border between the boroughs of Croydon and Lambeth, Bromley and Southwark and is situated along the London clay ridge known as Beulah Hill. Housing dates from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries with large detached properties on the peak of the ridge and smaller semi-detached and terraced dwelling on its flanks. The hill offers panoramic views northward to central London and southward to Croydon and the North Downs.


Contents

Description and history

The area is one of the highest in the London area and for centuries was occupied by the Great North Wood, an extensive area of natural oak forest which formed a wilderness close to the southern edge of the ever expanding city of London. Local legend has it that Sir Francis Drake's ship, the Golden Hind, had its timbers cut from trees in this area. The forest was a popular area for Londoners' recreation right up to the nineteenth century when it began to be built over. It was also a haunt of Gypsies with many local street names and pubs recording the link. The area still retains large amounts of woodland for an urban situation.

Missing image
CrystalPalaceMast(large).jpg
One of the television masts

Crystal Palace is accessible by rail via Crystal Palace railway station, where trains run to and from Victoria and London Bridge railway stations. The area is also well served by bus routes. The disconnection from the capital's tube network has led to it having lower house prices than other areas possessing scenic views of London. There are plans for Crystal Palace to have Tramlink services from Beckenham in future and the southern extension of the East London Line is planned to bring further rail services.

The Crystal Palace was reconstructed here in 1852 - 1854 following its success at the great exhibition in Hyde Park. It was destroyed in a spectacular fire in 1936. Its extensive grounds now house the National Sports Centre. A long fought over local issue is whether to build on the site of the original palace or leave it as an open space.

Two giant TV transmitter towers - Crystal Palace Transmitter and Croydon Transmitter - stand on the hill at Upper Norwood, making the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of the London area. Both towers are similar in height and design, but the Crystal Palace mast stands on a slightly higher elevation.

Missing image
Aldred.jpg
Actress Sophie Aldred poses on a statue in Crystal Palace Park

Nearest places

Nearest stations

References

  • Alan R. Warwick The Phoenix Suburb: A South London Social History; Publisher: Crystal Palace Foundation; ISBN 0-904034-01-1

External links

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