Entente Cordiale

From Academic Kids

The Entente Cordiale (French for "friendly understanding") is a series of agreements signed on April 8, 1904, between the United Kingdom and France.

Beyond the immediate concerns of colonial expansion addressed by the agreement, the signing of the Entente Cordiale marked the end of centuries of intermittent conflict between the two nations, and the start of the peaceful co-existence that continues to the present day.

The agreement had its roots in a meeting between the French statesman Lon Gambetta and the then Prince Edward of Wales at the Chteau de Breteuil in March 1881. After becoming King in 1901 Edward VII promoted the idea, and an agreement was negotiated between French foreign minister Theophile Delcass, and Lord Lansdowne, the British Foreign Secretary.

The agreement that eventually resulted was signed by Lord Lansdowne and Paul Cambon, the French Ambassador, on 8 April 1904. It resolved differences concerning influence and control in various countries including Egypt, Morocco, Madagascar, Siam (Thailand), West and Central Africa, and fishing rights off Newfoundland. The agreement also acknowledged the right of free passage through the Suez Canal.

The year after its signing, Britain's sympathetic attitude toward France's position in Morocco helped to ward off a challenge from Germany to the status quo in the North African kingdom (the Tangier Crisis). The agreement also paved the way for the diplomatic and military cooperation that preceded World War I.

The Entente Cordiale, along with the Anglo-Russian Entente and the Franco-Russian Alliance, later became part of the Triple Entente between the UK, France, and Russia.

 commemorating 100 years of Entente Cordiale
Enlarge
UK coin commemorating 100 years of Entente Cordiale

It is particularly respected at both ends of Channel Tunnel; in both London Waterloo International and Paris Gare du Nord, the flags of the United Kingdom and of France are depicted connected with the words 'Entente Cordiale' superimposed on posters.

One hundredth aniversary

The hundredth aniversary of the Entente Cordiale in 2004 was marked by a number of official and unofficial events, including a state visit to France by Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh, and a return visit by President Chirac in November. British troops (the band of the Royal Marines, the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment, Grenadier Guards and King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery) also led the Bastille Day parade in Paris for the first time, with the Red Arrows flying overhead.

External links

See also

bg:Сърдечно съглашение fr:Entente Cordiale de:Entente he:ההסכמה הלבבית it:Entente Cordiale hu:Antant no:Entente cordiale pl:Entente cordiale sl:Srčna zveza sv:Ententen es:Entente Cordiale

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