Ergative case

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Template:Table Cases

In ergative-absolutive languages, the ergative case identifies the subject of a transitive verb. In such languages, the ergative case is typically marked (most salient), while the absolutive case is unmarked. New work in case theory has vigorously supported the idea that the ergative case identifies the agent (intentful doer of action) of a verb (Woolford 2004). Furthermore, the agent has been shown to have a fixed location in which it is base-generated in the specifier of a light-verb projection within X-bar theory.

Ergative languages may be syntactically or morphologically ergative, or both.

Certain Australian Aboriginal languages (e.g., Warlpiri) possess an intransitive case and an accusative case along with an ergative case, and lack an absolutive case; such languages are called ergative-accusative languages.

See also

Template:Ling-stubcs:Ergativ de:Ergativ eo:Ergativo ja:能格と絶対格

Sources:

Woolford, Ellen. Lexical Case, Inherent Case, and Argument Structure. Aug. 2004
Online: http://people.umass.edu/ellenw/

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