From Academic Kids

Félix Adolphe Éboué (26 December 1884 - 17 March 1944) was a black French (French Guianan-born) colonial administrator and Free French leader.

A graduate of the Colonial School in Paris, he served in Ubangi-Shari mostly, until becoming governor of Chad in 1939. He was instrumental in developing Chadian support for the Free French in 1940, an action which ultimately gave de Gaulle's faction the rest of French Equatorial Africa. As governor of the whole area during 1940-1944, he acted to improve the status of Africans, classifying 200 educated Africans as notable évolué and reducing their taxes, placed some Gabonese civil servants into positions of authority.

He also took an interest in the careers of individuals who would later become significant in their own right, including Jean-Hilaire Aubaume and Jean-Rémy Ayouné.

Although a Francophile who promoted the French language in Africa, his circular La nouvelle politique indigène ("New Native Policy"), put out 8 November 1941, advocated the preservation of traditional African institutions.

He died of a heart attack while in Cairo; after his death, the French colonies in Africa brought out a joint stamp issue honoring his memory.

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