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Formula 3000

From Academic Kids

Formula 3000 is a type of formula racing.

In 1985, the Fdration Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) created the Formula 3000 championship to become the final preparatory step for drivers hoping to enter the Formula One championship. Formula 3000 replaced Formula Two, and was so named because the engines used initially were 3.0 L (3000 cc) Cosworth DFV engines made obsolete by the change of Formula One from the 3.0 L normally aspirated engines around this time.

The series remained unchanged for about a decade, but increasing costs meant the popularity of the series was waning by the mid 1990s.

In 1996, new rules were introduced. These introduced a single engine (a detuned Judd V-8 engine, badged as a Zytek) and chassis (Lola), to go along with tyre standarization (Avon) introduced a number of years earlier. The following year the calendar was combined with that of Formula One, so the series became support races for the Grand Prix. These measures decreased costs and popularity grew. In 2000, the series was restricted to 15 teams of two cars each.

However, by 2002 expenses were once more very high and the number of entries rapidly dwindled. Formula 3000 was experiencing tough competition with cheaper formulae, such as European F3000 (using ex-FIA Lola B2/99 chassis) and Formula Nissan (also known as Telefonica World Series or Superfund World Series), as well as the North American CART series. While drivers from these series such as Juan Pablo Montoya (CART), Cristiano da Matta (CART), and Felipe Massa (EF3000) found top rides in Formula One, the F3000 drivers seemed to have inordinate difficulty in moving onwards. By the end of 2003, car counts had fallen to new lows.

The 2004 season was the last F3000 campaign, due in part to dwindling field sizes. For 2005 it has been replaced with a new series known as GP2, with Renault backing.

Champions

Over the years, the following drivers have become champion:

Three past F3000 champions have never appeared in an F1 race: Bourdais and Junqueira both race in Champ Cars, Muller competes in touring car racing. A fourth champion, Sospiri, has attempted to qualify for a race and failed to make it, having raced for a highly unprepared team with poor equipment. It is uncertain at the moment where Wirdheim will race in 2005, although he is currently racing Champ Cars as of May 2005.

Three of them have won a F1 Grand Prix: Alesi, Panis and Montoya (who also won the Indy 500 once). No Formula 3000 champion has ever become Formula One World Driving Champion.de:Formel 3000 fr:Formule 3000 it:Formula 3000 ja:フォーミュラ3000 zh:F3000賽車

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