Frankfurt an der Oder

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Map of Germany showing Frankfurt-an-der-Oder
Statistics
State: Brandenburg
District: Independent city
Area: 147.61 km²
Population: 66,151 (12/31/2002)
Population density: 448/km²
Elevation: 40 m
Postal code: 15201-15236
Area/distance code: 03-35
Location: Template:Coor dm
Municipal code: 12053000
Car designation: FF
Address of the
city administration:
1 Markplatz
Frankfurt (Oder) 15230
Website: www.frankfurt-oder.de

Frankfurt an der Oder [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Frankobord) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany located on the river Oder, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the city of Słubice. Its name means "Frankfurt on the Oder River," and it is sometimes refered to as "Frankfurt (Oder)" to distinguish it from the larger city of Frankfurt am Main.

Population: 66,151 (June 2004).

The town of Frankfurt was founded in the 13th century (local government charter in 1253) at the free ford (frank furt means a free crossing) known as the Brandendamm. The early settlers lived on the western banks of the Oder: later the town was extended to the eastern bank (which is today Polish). In late medieval times the town dominated the trade on the river between Wroclaw (Breslau) and Szczecin (Stettin). In 1430 Frankfurt joined the Hanseatic League, but was a member for only a short time.

In the 19th century, Frankfurt played an important role in trade. Centrally positioned in the Kingdom of Prussia between Berlin and Poznan (Poland), and on the heavily-trafficked river Oder, the city housed the second-largest annual trade fair (Messe) of the German Reich, surpassed only by that in Leipzig.

There was intense fighting for the city in 1945 when the Germans made it a fortress blocking the Soviets from taking the direct route to Berlin. After World War II Frankfurt was located on the new Polish border; the part on the eastern bank became the Polish city of Słubice.

The towns now have friendly relations and run several common projects and facilities. After Poland joined the European Union on 1 May 2004, Frankfurt became less of a border town. Despite this, in the post-communist era the town has been quite poor with high unemployment. Its population has fallen significantly from around 87,000 at the time of German reunification in 1990.

Frankfurt housed a university between 1506 and 1811. It was refounded in 1991 under the old name, but with a European emphasis, as the Viadrina European University, which in several respects is a common German-Polish university.

External link

es:Frncfort del Oder eo:Frankfurto Ĉe Odro fr:Francfort-sur-l'Oder nl:Frankfurt (Oder) nds:Frankfort an de Oder ja:フランクフルト・アン・デア・オーダー pl:Frankfurt nad Odrą ro:Frankfurt an der Oder sv:Frankfurt an der Oder

  • Frankfurt (http://www.frankfurt.pl/)
  • Slubice (http://www.slubice.de/)
  • Polenmarkt (http://www.slubice.de/polenmarkt)
  • Bazar (http://www.instytut.net/polenmarkt)
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