French regional elections, 2004

From Academic Kids

Regional elections were held in France on March 21 and March 28, 2004. At stake were the presidencies of each of France's 22 régions, which, though they don't have legislative autonomy, manage sizeable budgets. The results were a triumph for the parties of the left, led by the French Socialist Party (PS) in alliance with minor parties including the French Communist Party (PCF), the Left Radical Party (PRG) and the Greens (Les Verts). The left has usually fared moderately well in regional elections, but this was their best result since the regional system was introduced.

The left won control of 20 of the 22 regions of metropolitan France, defeating the parties of the mainstream right, the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) and the Union for French Democracy (UDF), and the extreme right National Front (FN). The results are seen as a major setback for President Jacques Chirac and (then) Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin.

Contents

Results by region

The first round was held on March 21. Since no candidate gained a majority in any region, a second round was held on March 28, in which only candidates who polled more than 10% in the first round were eligible to run (except in Corsica, where the threshold is 5%). Votes for minor parties have been consolidated. Incumbents are shown with an asterisk.

Alsace


Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Jacques Bigot PS-Verts 133,038 20.1 236,689 34.4
Patrick Binder FN 122,860 18.6 151,186 22.0
Adrien Zeller * UMP-UDF 225,193 34.1 299,351 43.6
Others - 180,016 27.2 - -
Total - 661,107 - 687,226 -

Conservative Alsace is one of only two regions retained by the right.

Aquitaine

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
François Bayrou UDF 215,796 16.1 - -
Jacques Colombier FN 153,859 11.4 164,047 11.7
Xavier Darcos UMP 247,232 18.4 469,382 33.5
Alain Rousset * PS-Verts 516,392 38.4 769,583 54.8
Others - 210,635 15.7 - -
Total - 1,343,904 - 1,403,012 -

Aquitaine is a traditional stronghold of the left.

Auvergne

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Pierre-Joël Bonté PS 167,451 28.2 332,958 52.6
Louis de Condé FN 56,889 9.6 - -
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing * UDF-UMP 215,903 36.4 299,438 47.3
Others - 153,155 25.8 - -
Total - 593,398 - 632,386 -

The former President of France, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, was seeking a fourth term as President of Auvergne.

Basse-Normandie

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Philippe Duron PS-PCF 143,095 23.9 297,291 46.2
René Garrec * UDF-UMP 172,050 28.7 257,297 40.0
Fernand Le Rachinel FN 83,742 14.0 88,618 13.8
Others - 199,659 33.3 - -
Total - 598,546 - 643,206 -

The left have never before won control of Lower Normandy

Bourgogne

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Pierre Jaboulet-Vercherre FN 105,270 15.8 108,124 15.4
François Patriat PS-PCF-Verts 240,451 36.0 369,322 52.5
Jean-Pierre Soisson * UMP-UDF 145,426 21.8 226,128 32.1
Others - 176,626 26.4 - -
Total - 667,773 - 703,574 -

Burgundy returns to its usual left-wing loyalty. It is suspected that incumbent Jean-Pierre Soisson was punished for his coalition with the Front National.

Bretagne

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Josselin de Rohan * UMP-UDF 347,221 38.5 591,454 41.3
Jean-Yves Le Drian PS 521,988 38.5 839,157 58.7
Brigitte Neveux FN 114,883 8.5 - -
Others - 402,368 29.7 - -
Total - 1,356,460 - 1,430,611 -

Normally conservative Brittany is captured by the left.

Centre

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Jacqueline Gourault UDF 135,779 13.7 - -
Michel Sapin PS 378,235 38.1 517,987 49.1
Jean Verdon FN 173,651 17.5 173,460 16.5
Serge Vinçon UMP 205,262 20.7 362,382 34.4
Others - 98,433 9.9 - -
Total - 991,360 - 1,053,829 -

The left retains control of this region. Sapin replaces the retiring incumbent Alain Rafesthain.

Champagne-Ardenne

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Jean-Paul Bachy PS 141,189 27.9 228,622 41.9
Charles de Courson UDF 56,105 11.1 - -
Jean-Claude Étienne * UMP 134,602 26.7 217,322 39.8
Bruno Subtil FN 99,576 19.7 99,766 18.3
Others - 129,519 25.6 - -
Total - 504,886 - 545,710 -

The left captures usually conservative Champagne-Ardenne.

Corse

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Camille de Rocca-Serra UMP 20,155 14.6 35,627 25.0
Dominique Bucchini - 9,147 6.6 11,808 8.3
Paul Giacobbi - 14,477 10.5 21,562 15.2
Olivier Martinelli FN 6,181 4.5 - -
Simon Renucci - 8,018 5.8 11,025 7.7
José Rossi * - 8,804 6.4 11,092 07.8
Émile Zuccarelli PRG-PS 17,906 13.0 26,434 18.6
Others - 53,501 38.7 - -
Total - 138,189 - 142,200 -

Conservative Corsica is the right's only success apart from Alsace.

Franche-Comté

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Raymond Forni PS 146,555 31.3 240,177 46.7
Jean-François Humbert * UMP 116,354 24.8 185,757 36.1
Sophie Montel FN 87,498 18.7 88,134 17.1
Others - 118,097 25.2 - -
Total - 468,504 - 514,068 -

The left retakes Franche-Comté.

Haute-Normandie

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Dominique Chaboche FN 115,183 15.9 113,013 14.6
Alain Le Vern * PS 281,314 38.9 408,163 52.7
Antoine Rufenacht UMP 153,089 21.1 253,480 32.7
Others - 174,265 24.1 - -
Total - 723,851 - 774,656 -

The left retains its traditional hold on Upper Normandy.

Île-de-France

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Jean-François Copé UMP 908,275 24.8 1,593,559 40.7
Jean-Paul Huchon * PS-Verts-PRG 1,170,444 31.9 1,922,546 49.1
Marine Le Pen FN 448,987 12.3 395,481 10.1
André Santini UDF 590,543 16.1 - -
Others - 545,116 14.9 - -
Total - 3,663,365 - 3,991,586 -

The left retains control of Île-de-France, the region surrounding Paris and gets a comfortable majority. Huchon previously could not rely on a majority.

Languedoc-Roussillon

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Jacques Blanc * UMP 258,287 24.3 373,844 33.1
George Frèche PS-Verts-PCF 373,214 36.3 577,798 51.2
Alain Jamet FN 183,031 17.2 177,568 15.7
Others - 251,458 23.6 - -
Total - 1,065,990 - 1,129,210 -

The left re-establishes its usual dominance of Languedoc-Roussillon.

Limousin

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Raymond Archer UMP 79,531 23.3 132,044 38.0
Jean-Paul Denanot PS-PRG-PCF 140,217 41.1 215,612 62.0
Patricia Gibeau FN 31,736 9.3 - -
Others - 89,362 26.2 - -
Total - 340,846 - 347,656 -

The left retains control of Limousin, with Denanot succeeding the retiring incumbent Robert Savy.

Lorraine

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Thierry Gourlot FN 152,660 17.6 162,971 17.3
Nathalie Griesbeck UDF 75,609 8.7 - -
Gérard Longuet * UMP 192,157 22.1 322,446 34.2
Jean-Pierre Masseret PS-PCF-Verts 253,626 29.2 457,350 48.5
Others - 194,040 22.3 - -
Total - 868,092 - 942,767 -

The left recaptures Lorraine.

Midi-Pyrénées

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Louis Aliot FN 141,599 11.8 149,409 12.1
Jacques Godfrain UMP 228,449 19.0 376,872 30.4
Martin Malvy * PS-PC-PRG 497,713 41.4 712,176 57.5
Michel Valdiguie - 122,030 10.1 - -
Others - 212,695 17.7 - -
Total - 1,202,486 - 1,238,457 -

The left retain its traditional dominance of Midi-Pyrénées.

Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Alain Bocquet PCF 173,200 10.7 - -
Jean-Paul Delevoye UMP 280,102 17.3 484,711 28.5
Carl Lang FN 290,908 17.9 336,444 19.7
Daniel Percheron * PS-PRG 484,798 29.9 881,948 51.8
Others - 392,728 24.2 - -
Total - 1,621,736 - 1,703,103 -

Nord-Pas-de-Calais is also a stronghold of the left.

Pays de la Loire

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Jean Arthuis UDF 169,251 12.1 - -
Jacques Auxiette PS-Verts-PCF-PRG 518,466 37.2 762,497 52.3
François Fillon UMP 450,552 32.3 693,913 47.6
Samuel Maréchal FN 135,391 9.7 - -
Others - 120,041 8.6 - -
Total - 1,393,701 - 1,456,410 -

The right loses the normally conservative Pays de la Loire region. Fillon was the candidate of the right in succession to the retiring Jean-Luc Harousseau.

Picardie

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Claude Gewerc PS-Verts-PRG 210,328 27.4 379,075 45.4
Maxime Gremetz PCF 83,282 10.9 - -
Michel Guiniot FN 175,940 22.9 155,851 18.7
Gilles de Robien UDF-UMP 247,425 32.3 300,140 35.9
Others - 49,995 6.5 - -
Total - 766,970 - 835,066 -

The left captures the Picardie region following the retirement of incumbent Charles Baur.

Poitou-Charentes

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Jean-Romée Charbonneau FN 79,484 10.5 70,896 8.7
Élisabeth Morin * UMP-UDF 249,373 32.9 294,955 36.2
Ségolène Royal PS 350,466 46.3 448,949 55.1
Others - 77,866 10.3 - -
Total - 757,189 - 814,800 -

Poitou-Charente, a traditional stronghold of the right and home region of Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin, falls to the left.

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Guy Macary FN 415,181 22.9 409,786 21.0
Renaud Muselier UMP-UDF 472,035 26.1 659,592 33.8
Michel Vauzelle * PS-PCF-Verts-PRG 633,268 35.0 881,350 45.2
Others - 288,443 15.9 - -
Total - 1,808,927 - 1,950,728 -

The left retains control of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.

Jean-Marie Le Pen, who intended to run in this region, was disqualified because he did not fulfill the legal conditions: he neither lived there, nor was registered as a taxpayer there.

Rhône-Alpes

Candidate Party First round % Second round %
Anne-Marie Comparini * UDF-UMP 667,856 31.2 890,433 38.2
Bruno Gollnisch FN 389,565 18.2 355,861 15.3
Gérard Leras Verts 215,783 10.1 - -
Jean-Jack Queyranne PS-PCF-PRG 688,718 32.2 1,083,120 46.5
Others - 177,444 8.3 - -
Total - 2,139,366 - 2,329,414 -

The left captures the usually conservative Rhône-Alpes region.

fr:Élections régionales 2004 en France

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