Gabriel Fahrenheit

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G.D. Fahrenheit

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (born May 24, 1686, Danzig (Gdańsk); died September 16, 1736, The Hague, Netherlands), was a German physicist and an engineer, who most of his life worked in Netherlands and for whom the Fahrenheit scale of temperature is named.

Fahrenheit was born in to a German family in Danzig in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (then province of Royal Prussia), where the Fahrenheits moved in 1650. He was the son of merchant Daniel Fahrenheit and Concordia Fahrenheit (widowed name Runge), who was the daughter of the well-known Danzig business family Schumann. Of the five Fahrenheit children who survived childhood (2 sons, 3 daughters), Daniel was the oldest. Daniel's grandfather Reinhold Fahrenheit vom Kneiphof moved to Danzig from Knigsberg and settled as a merchant. Research suggests that the Fahrenheit family originated in Hildesheim, although they lived in Rostock before moving to Knigsberg1.

Upon the early death of his parents (from mushroom poisoning) Gabriel had to take up business training. However, his interest in natural sciences caused him to take up studies and experimentation in that field. Fahrenheit's studies brought him to Amsterdam, where he gave lectures in chemistry. In 1724 he became a member of the Royal Society.

He developed precise thermometers. The Fahrenheit scale was widely used in Europe until a switch to the Celsius scale. It is still used by the general population for everyday temperature measurement in the United States and Jamaica.

When he first made his thermometers, he used alcohol instead of mercury. Later he used mercury, which gave better results.

References

  1. G.D.Fahrenheit / R.-A.F.de Raumur / A. Celsius by Horst Kant, 1984.bg:Габриел Фаренхайт

da:Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit de:Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit es:Gabriel Fahrenheit eo:Gabriel Daniel FAHRENHEIT fr:Gabriel Fahrenheit he:דניאל פרנהייט lt:Gabrielis Danielis Farenheitas nl:Gabriel Fahrenheit ja:ガブリエル・ファーレンハイト pl:Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit ru:Фаренгейт, Габриель sl:Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit sv:Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit uk:Даніель Габріель Фаренгейт

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