Hunedoara County

From Academic Kids

Administrative map of  with Hunedoara county highlighted
Administrative map of Romania with Hunedoara county highlighted

Hunedoara (Hungarian: Hunyad) is a Romanian county (Judeţ) in the Transylvania region, with the capital city at Deva (population: 77,259). Its common abbreviation is HD.

Contents

Demographics

In 2000, it had a population of 536,165 and the population density was 76/km².

Geography

This county has a total area of 7,063 km². Hunedoara county lies n South-Western Transylvania, bordered by Apuseni Mountains (North), Orastie and Surianu Mountains (South-East), Retezat Mountains (South), Poiana Ruscai Mountains (South-West) and crossed by Mures, Rau Mare, Strei, Crisul Alb and Jiu rivers, with large depressions such as Zarand and Hateg. Retezat National Park and other pictoresque regions makes it one of the most beautiful counties in Romania.

History

Its history begins along with the Dacians, who built a strong defensive system of fortresses in Orastie Mountains, nowadays part of UNESCO World Heritage. After the Roman conquest, the capital of Dacia province was also established here, in Hateg depression, named Colonia Augusta Ulpia Traiana Dacica Sarmizegetusa, last name after the former Dacian capital. After the Romans left Dacia, the first pre-feudal entities apperead: Deva, Strei, Dobra, Hunedoara. After the Hungarian conquest of Transylvania, Hunedoara became a county.

The capital of the county is Deva. Other important cities are Hunedoara, Petrosani, Orastie, Hateg and Brad. Petrosani is a very important city in Romania nowadays, being the key town in Jiu Valley, a very delicate Romanian area, due to its numberous unemployed former miners.

List of cities in Hunedoara county

External links

Official sites

Template:Judete

de:Hunedoara (Bezirk) eo:Hunedoara (distrikto) fr:Hunedoara (judet) nl:Hunedoara (district) pl:Okręg Hunedoara ro:Judeţul Hunedoara

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