Iceland Gull

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Iceland Gull
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Laridae
Genus:Larus
Species:L. glaucoides
Binomial name
Larus glaucoides
Meyer, 1822

The Iceland Gull, Larus glaucoides, is a large gull which breeds in the arctic regions of Canada and Greenland, but not Iceland, where it is only seen in the winter. It is migratory, wintering from in the North Atlantic as far south as the British Isles and northernmost states of the eastern USA. A few birds may winter on the Great Lakes. It is much scarcer in Europe than the similar Glaucous Gull.

This species breeds colonially or singly on coasts and cliffs, making a lined nest on the ground or cliff. Normally, 2-3 eggs are laid.

This is a fairly large gull, very pale in all plumages, with no black in the wings or tail. Adults are pale grey above, with a yellowish-green bill. Immatures are very pale grey; the bill is more extensively dark than with Glaucous Gull, and lacks pink. It is smaller and thinner billed than the very large Glaucous Gull, and is usually smaller than Herring Gull. It takes four years to reach maturity. The call is a "laughing" cry like Herring Gull, but higher pitched.

These are omnivores like most Larus gulls, and they will scavenge as well as seeking suitable small prey. These birds forage while flying, picking up food at or just below the water's surface, also feeds while walking or swimming.pl:Mewa polarna

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