Inca Tern

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Inca Tern

Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Sternidae
Genus: Larosterna
Species:L. inca
Binomial name
Larosterna inca
(Lesson, 1827)

The Inca Tern, Larosterna inca, is a seabird in the family Sternidae. It is the only member of the genus Larosterna.

This unique bird breeds on the coasts of Peru and Chile, and is restricted to the Humboldt current.

The Inca Tern breeds on rocky cliffs. It nests in a hollow or burrow or sometimes the old nest of a Humboldt Penguin, and lays one or two eggs. The eggs are incubated for about 4 weeks, and the chicks leave the nest after 7 weeks.

This is a large tern, 41cm long. Sexes are similar; the adult is mostly slate-grey with white restricted to the facial plumes and the trailing edges of the wings. The large bill and legs are dark red. Immature birds are purple-brown, and gradually develop the facial plumes.

The Inca Tern feeds by plunge diving for fish like a Sterna tern. Its call is a cat-like mew.

Reference

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