Indian White-rumped Vulture

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Indian White-rumped Vulture
Conservation status: Critical
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Falconiformes
Family:Accipitridae
Genus:Gyps
Species:bengalensis
Binomial name
Gyps bengalensis
(Gmelin, 1788)

The Indian White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) is an Old World vulture in the family Accipitridae, which also includes eagles, kites, buzzards and hawks. It is closely related to the European Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus).

It breeds on crags or in trees in mountains in India and southeast Asia, laying one egg. Birds may form loose colonies. The population is mostly resident.

Like other vultures it is a scavenger, feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals which it finds by soaring over savannah and around human habitation. It often moves in flocks.

The White-rumped Vulture is a typical vulture, with a bald head, very broad wings and short tail. It is much smaller than European Griffon. It has a white neck ruff. The adult’s whitish back, rump and underwing coverts contrast with the otherwise dark plumage. Juveniles are largely dark.

This vulture and Long-billed Vulture (Gyps indicus) have suffered a 99 percent decrease in India due to poisoning by the veterinary drug Diclofenac that causes kidney failure in birds eating the carcasses of treated cattle. [1] (http://news.independent.co.uk/world/asia/story.jsp?story=640631)..

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