Jigoro Kano

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Dr. Jigoro Kano (嘉納 治五郎 Kanō Jigorō, 1860 in Kobe, Japan - 1938) is the founder of Judo.

Dr. Jigoro Kano was the founder of modern Judo
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Dr. Jigoro Kano was the founder of modern Judo

Kano was born to a family operating a small sake brewry. Never physically strong, he suffered from various illness as a child and was constantly bullied. He tried to learn jujutsu to get even, but was opposed by his parents who feared he could be seriously injured. His parents instead had him study rigorously and in 1877, Kano enrolled in Imperial University. Away from his parents, he finally started learning jujutsu. He studied two different jujutsu styles each focusing on different aspects of fighting techniques.

In 1882, Kano founded Kodokan Judo. His system of martial arts (judo) all but replaced the parent arts of jujutsu in Japan. Kano also successfully introduced judo into the Japanese school system.

Also a member of the International Olympic Committee for Japan, Kano believed in the games as a way to bring countries together. When World War II was perceptible, he militated for having the 1940 Olympic Games organized in Japan. This finally happened in 1964, after his death, when the Games were held in Tokyo. For this occasion, Judo became an olympic discipline, which raised a polemic in the Judo world. Indeed, Kano has always been opposed to organized competition in Judo, for he believed it would taint the non-opposition spirit of his art.

Kano died of Pneumonia in 1938, aboard the SS Hikawa Maru after attending an IOC conference.

Two articles written by Kano are hosted at the International Judo Information Site:

ca:Jigoro Kano da:Jigoro Kano de:Jigoro Kano et:Jigorō Kanō es:Jigorō Kanō fr:Jigoro Kano it:Jigorō Kanō nl:Jigoro Kano ja:嘉納治五郎 no:Jigorō Kanō pl:Jigoro Kano sv:Jigoro Kano

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