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Julio Cortázar (August 26, 1914 - February 12, 1984) was an Argentine intellectual and author of several experimental novels and many short stories.

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Biography

Julio Cortázar was born in Brussels, Belgium, in 1914, to Argentine parents. When he was four years old, his family returned to Buenos Aires to a section of town called Banfield. After completing his studies at the University of Buenos Aires, he became a professor of French literature at the University of Cuyo, Mendoza, in the middle 1940s.

In 1951, in opposition to the Pern regime, Cortázar emigrated to France, where he lived until his death. From 1952 he worked for UNESCO as a translator. His translation projects included Spanish renderings of Defoe's Robinson Crusoe and the stories of Edgar Allan Poe, and it is commonly noted that Poe's influence is recognizable in his work.

In his later years he underwent a political transformation, becoming actively engaged with leftist causes in Latin America, and openly supporting the Cuban Revolution and the Sandinista government in Nicaragua.

He was married three times, to Aurora Bernardez (in 1953), Ugn Karvelis and Carol Dunlop.

Cortázar died of leukemia in Paris in 1984. It has recently been suggested, however, that AIDS (contracted through a blood transfusion before this disease was identified and given a name) may have been the real cause of his death.

Notable works

Although Cortzar is best known as a masterly writer of short stories within the so-called fantastic genre, with Bestiario (1951) and Final de Juego (1956) (published as 'End of Game and Other Stories' in English) amongst the best, he also published several novels such as: The Winners (1965), Hopscotch (1966, English edition) and A Manual for Manuel (1978).

Cortzar's masterpiece, Hopscotch, is a dazzling literary experiment that ranks amongst the best novels written in Spanish in the past century, widely admired by contemporary Latin American writers such as Gabriel Garca Mrquez, Mario Vargas Llosa or Jos Lezama Lima. The novel, which loosely recounts the story of Argentine intellectual Horacio Oliveira's exile in Paris and that of his return to Buenos Aires, has an open-ended structure that invites the reader to choose between a linear reading or a non-linear one (alternating chapters from two different sections). Cortzar's use of the interior monologue, punning, slang, and his use of different languages is redolent of Modernist writers like Joyce, although his main influences were Surrealism and the French New Novel.

Cortzar's strengths as an author reside in his delightful and irreverent sense of humour, his impressive technical skills, his poetical and innovative use of language, and his carefully balanced deployment of the uncanny in his short fiction.

Although his poetic and dramatic production is considered to be of inferior quality compared to his prose he also published poetry, drama, and various works of non-fiction .

Michelangelo Antonioni's film Blow-Up is based on a short story by Cortázar, entitled Las Babas del Diablo and translated as Blow-Up in English, this story is to be found in Blow-Up and Other Stories.

Works

  • Los Reyes (1949)
  • Bestiario (1951)
  • Final de Juego (1956)
  • Las armas secretas
  • Los premios (The Winners)
  • Historias de cronopios y de famas
  • Rayuela (Hopscotch) (1963)
  • Todos los fuegos el fuego(1966)
  • La vuelta al da en ochenta mundos (1967)
  • 62, modelo para armar (1968)
  • ltimo round (1969)
  • La prosa del Observatorio (1972)
  • Libro de Manuel (1973)
  • Octaedro (1974)
  • Alguien anda por ah (1977)
  • Territorios (1978)
  • Un tal Lucas (1979)
  • Lucas, sus pudores
  • Queremos tanto a Glenda (1980)
  • Deshoras (1982)
  • Nicaragua tan violentamente dulce (1983)
  • Divertimento (1986)
  • El Examen (1986)
  • Diario de Andrs Fava (1995)
  • Adis Robinson(1995)

External link

be:Хуліё Картасар de:Julio Cortzar es:Julio Cortzar fr:Julio Cortzar pl:Julio Cortzar pt:Julio Cortzar ru:Кортасар, Хулио

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