Kamov

From Academic Kids

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Kamov_projects.4.jpg
Kamov projects, 1999

Nikolai Il'yich Kamov started building his first rotor-winged aircraft in 1929, together with N. K. Skrzhinskii. Up to the 1940s, they created more autogyros, including the A-7-3, the only armed one in the world that saw (limited) combat action.

Since then, the Kamov bureau (design office prefix Ka) has specialised in compact helicopters of coaxial design, suitable for naval service and high-speed operations.

Kamov designs - The name designations (beginning with H) belong to NATO.

Date Model Comments
September 25, 1929 KaSkr-I Gyrocraft The first Soviet autogyro, designed by Kamov and Skrzhinskii. Based on Cierva models.
1934 A-7 An autogyro primarily used for observation duties.
1944 Ka-8 Vertolet With his first true helicopter, Kamov introduced the coaxial scheme that the bureau still uses.

The Ka-8 was a single-seat helicopter with a 27 hp motorcycle engine, boosted to 45 hp by using alcohol for fuel. The rotor blades were made of reinforced wood. Three units built.

September 1949 Ka-10 Hat The Hat was an improved Ka-8 with a 55 hp Ivchenko engine that can reach 90 km/h.

The twin - tail was introduced in the Ka-10M. 12 units built.

1952 Ka-15 Hen A two-seat multi-purpose helicopter designed primarily for the Soviet Navy that became known outside the USSR in 1955.

The civilian version was the Ka-15M.
Engine: 1 Ivchenko of 225 hp Speed: 150 km/h Service Ceiling: 3050 m

1955 Ka-18 Hog A Ka-15 with a large fuselage and a 280 hp Ivchenko AI-14VF engine. Could carry 4 passengers.

200 units built ( approx. )

1960 Ka-20 Harp First seen in the Soviet National Aviation Day of 1961, it was considered the Ka-25 prototype.

Was very similar to the Ka-15 and Ka-18.

1960 Ka-22 Hoop Vintokryl This convertiplane achieved several records but only one unit was produced.


October 14, 1961 : The Ka-22 reaches 337 km/h on 100 km circuit

1965 Ka-25 Hormone Ship-borne helicopter for the Soviet Navy. Near 500 built up to 1975


Ka-25BSh Hormone - A : ASW variant
Ka-25OTH Hormone - B : Targeting variant for feeding guidance data to cruise missiles launched by surface warships and submarines
Ka-25PS Hormone - C : SAR variant
Ka-25K : Civilian Crane variant
Rotor diameter: 15.74 m Length: 10 m Height: 5.37 m Weight: 4770 kg - Max: 7500 Engine: 2 Glushenkov GTD-3F of 900 hp Speed: Max: 220 km/h Range: 400 km Service Ceiling: 3500 m

1966 Ka-26 Hoodlum-A A typical Kamov design, a multi-purpose helicopter widely used by Aeroflot and exported to several countries.

More than 600 units built.

1969 V-50 An attack helicopter project with tandem rotors. Cancelled.
1978 Ka-27 Helix Replacement for the Ka-25 Hormone. First spotted on an Udaloy type destroyer
1981 Ka-28 /
Ka-32 Helix
Civilian derivative and export variants of the Ka-27
July 27, 1982 Ka-50 Hokum-A Also known as V-80, Werewolf & Black Shark


Ka-52 twin-seat Alligator
Ka-40 Hokum export variants

1986 Ka-116 Hoodlum-B Turbine engine development of the Ka-26
Middle of the 80s V-100 A heavy attack helicopter project with a pusher propeller to exceed the speed of 400 km/h.

It was to be armed with 3000 kg of bombs/rockets, two guns, and two anti-radar/anti-ship missiles. Not built.

1990 Ka-118 A NOTAR ( No TAil Rotor ) development.
1993 Ka-128 A Ka-126 development with an added intermediate gearbox, and Bendix King avionics.
1998 Ka-60 Single main rotor operational helicopter by Kamov
1994 Ka-62 Single main rotor operational helicopter by Kamov
1994 Ka-226 Twin engine development of the Ka-126
90s Ka-37 An unmanned coaxial helicopter developed with Daewoo of South Korea initially designed for agricultural tasks.

Performances are a max weight of 250 kg ( 50 payload ), speed of 110km/h, and a flight duration about 45 minutes.

External links


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

de:Kamow

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