Keelung

From Academic Kids

Keelung City
基隆市
Image:Keelung City emblem.png
Keelung City emblem

Abbreviation: Keelung (基隆)

City nickname: The Rainy Port

Capital DistrictJhongjhen Dist. (中正區)
Region Northern Taiwan
MayorHsu Ts'ai-li (許財利)

Area

Ranked 21 of 25

 - Total
 - % water

132.759 km²
?%

Population

Ranked 18 of 25

 - Total (April 2004)
 - Density

392,403
2,956/km²

Districts: 7
City flower:Common crepe myrtle
City tree:Formosan Sweet-gum
( Luquidambar formosana Hance.)
City bird:Eagle
Image:Keelung_location.jpg

Keelung (基隆 Pinyin: Jīlng, Wade-Giles: Chi-lung, Taiwanese: Ke-lng) is a county-level city of Taiwan Province, Republic of China. Located in the northeastern of the island and bordering Taipei County, it is Taiwan's second largest seaport (after Kaohsiung). Keelung is nicknamed "The Rainy Port" (雨港).

Contents

History

Keelung was first inhabited by the Ketagalan, a tribe of Taiwanese aborigine.

"Keelung" used to be written in the homophonous characters meaning "Rooster Cage" (雞籠), named after a local mountain of such a shape. Another theory suggests that the characters were transcription of a Ketagalan placename. The characters were changed in 1875 (Qing Dynasty) to mean "The Base that Prospers".

In 1863, the Qing Empire opened up Keelung as a trading port. A systematic city development started in 1895 during the Japanese Occupation. Keelung became a town in Keelung District, Taipei Prefecture in 1920 and was upgraded to a city of Taipei Prefecture in 1924. Coal mining peaked in 1968.

Administration

Keelung administers seven districts:

Hanzi Tongyong Wade-Giles Pinyin
中正區 Jhongjhen Chung-chen Zhongzhen
中山區 Jhongshan Chung-shan Zhongshan
仁愛區 Ren-ai Jen-ai Renai
信義區 Sinyi Hsin-yi Xinyi
安樂區 Anle An-le Anle
暖暖區 Nuannuan Nuan-nuan Nuannuan
七堵區 Cidu Ch'i-tu Qidu


Population

Missing image
Keelong_Harbour_in_the_Morning.jpg
Keelong Harbour in the morning/ taken by timo/ 2004
  • 700 households (1840)
  • 9,500 (1897)
  • 58,000 (1924)
  • 100,000 (1943)
  • 92,000 (1944): decrease due to Allied air bombings
  • 130,000 (1948): 28,000 Mainlander influx
  • 330,000 (1971)
  • 347,828 (late 1990s)

External links



zh:基隆 ja:基隆市

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