Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Goudkov LaGG-1

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Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Goudkov LaGG-1
Missing image
LaGG-1.jpg
Image:LaGG-1.jpg


Description
RoleFighter
Crewone, pilot
First FlightMarch 30, 1939
Entered Service1941
ManufacturerLavochkin-Gorbunov-Goudkov
Dimensions
Length8.81 m28 ft 11 in
Wingspan9.80 m32 ft 2 in
Height4.40 m14 ft 5 in
Wing area17.5 m²188 ft²
Weights
Empty2,478 kg5,463 lb
Loaded2,968 kg6,543 lb
Maximum takeoff3,380 kg7,452 lb
Powerplant
EngineKlimov M-105P
Power820 kW1,100 hp
Performance
Maximum speed605 km/h377 mph
Range556 km346 miles
Service ceiling9,600 m31,500 ft
Rate of climb855 m/min2,804 ft/min
Wing loading170 kg/m²35 lb/ft²
Power/Mass270 W/kg0.17 hp/lb
Avionics
Avionics
Armament
Guns2x 7.62 mm ShKAS machine guns
1x 20 mm ShVAK cannon

The Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Goudkov LaGG-1 (Лавочкин-Горбунов-Гудков ЛаГГ-1) was a Soviet fighter aircraft of World War II. Although not very successful, it formed the basis for a series of aircraft that would eventually become some of the most formidable Soviet fighters of the war.

The LaGG-1 was designed in 1938 as a light-weight aircraft designed around the Klimov M-105 engine and built out of laminated wood to save on strategic materials. The first prototype flew on March 30, 1939, and once some initial difficulties had been worked out of the design, proved to be promising, if somewhat short of what its designers had hoped for. By this stage, however, the need to modernise the Soviet Air Force had been made plain by recent losses in the Winter War with Finland, and the aircraft, initially designated I-22 was ordered into production.

Some 100 aircraft were sent to evaluation squadrons, where their shortcomings quickly became obvious. The aircraft was clearly underpowered, and lacked agility and range. Furthermore, while the seven prototypes had been carefully custom-built and finished to a very high standard, the mass-produced examples were comparatively crude, and this only added to the existing weaknesses.

As reports of these problems came back to the design team, a series of modifications were undertaken that would result in the LaGG-3

Related content
Related Development LaGG-3 - La-5 - La-7
Similar Aircraft Messerschmitt Bf 109 - Supermarine Spitfire - Curtiss P-40 - Kawasaki Ki-61
Designation Series LaGG-1 - LaGG-3 - La-5 - La-7
Related Lists List of military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the CIS - List of fighter aircraft


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