Lotharingia

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Lotharingia was a short-lived kingdom in western Europe, the aggregate of territories belonging to Lothair, King of Lotharingia (reigned 855869), who received it in 855 from his father, Lothair I (795-855), Holy Roman Emperor. The name derives from the Latin "Lotharii Regnum", the Lothair's realm.

The territory was the northern section of the division of Carolingian lands that had been effected at the Treaty of Verdun, 843. After Lothair's death his lands were further divided between the Kingdom of the East Franks and the Kingdom of the West Franks, in the Treaty of Mersen, 870.

Strictly speaking, there were no Lotharingians as a unified ethnic group. Broadly speaking, Lotharingia comprised the present-day:

The name survives today in the name derived from it: Lorraine (in German: Lothringen). Lotharingia did not survive its king; it dissolved in violence and local warfare. Henry the Fowler gained control over the divided lands, and brought them back as a duchy under the German crown. His son and heir Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor granted Lotharingia to his brother, Bruno I, Archbishop of Cologne. In 959 Bruno effected the long-lasting split of the territories, under two dukes, as the duchies of Upper Lorraine and Lower Lorraine. Upper Lorraine became the duchy of Lorraine, the nucleus of which survived until 1766. Upper Lorraine was the object of territorial disputes between France and Germany for a thousand years. The Duchy of Lower Lorraine, also known as Lothier, did not withstand the centripetal forces of the 10th century, and soon fragmented into separate duchies and counties.

See also: European region Lotharingia (German/French) (http://www.lotharingia.de)

fr:Lotharingie sv:Lotharingia fi:Lotharingia

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