Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1

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Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1
Crewone, pilot
First FlightApril 5, 1940
Entered Service1940
Length8.16 m26 ft 9 in
Wingspan10.20 m33 ft 5 in
Height2.62 m8 ft 7 in
Wing area17.5 m²188 ft²
Empty2,602 kg5,724 lb
Loaded3,099 kg6,818 lb
Maximum takeoff3,319 kg7,302 lb
EngineMikulin AM-35A
Power1,007 kW1,350 hp
Maximum speed657 km/h410 mph
Range580 km362 miles
Service ceiling12,000 m39,360 ft
Rate of climb1,008 m/min3,306 ft/min
Wing loading177 kg/m²36 lb/ft²
Power/Mass0.32 kW/kg0.20 hp/lb
Guns1 x 12.7 mm BS machine gun
2 x 7.62 mm ShKAS machine guns

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 (Микоян-Гуревич МиГ-1) was a Soviet fighter aircraft of World War II. Although difficult to handle, it formed the basis for the MiG-3, which proved to be a capable high-altitude interceptor aircraft and established a reputation for its designers.

The MiG-1 was designed in response to a requirement for such an interceptor perceived by the Soviet Air Force in January 1939. Initially, Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich were competing against Nikolai Polikarpov to fill this niche, but when Polikarpov fell out of favour with Stalin, Mikoyan and Gurevich's design was suddenly accepted for development in November, with a deadline of April for the first flight. As specified, the aircraft was to use the Mikulin AM-37 engine and was to be capable of reaching 670 km/h (417 mph). The approach that Mikoyan and Gurevich selected was to build the smallest possible aircraft around the intended powerplant, thereby minimising weight and drag - the philosophy of the light fighter.

The result was a highly conventional aircraft that flew on schedule on April 5 1940, although its intended powerplant was not ready in time. Instead, the new fighter flew with the less powerful AM-35, and even with this soon broke the Soviet air speed record by 40 km/h (25 mph). It could not, however, attain the speed originally specified by the air force with this engine. Initially designated I-200, the MiG-1 was put into production almost immediately, and by the end of the year, the type was already being delivered to test squadrons. Here, it was discovered that the high wing loading of the small aircraft produced some very nasty handling problems, including tendencies towards both stalling and spinning, and a lack of directional stability.

As reports of the handling problems came back to Mikoyan and Gurevich, they worked to remedy them, eventually incorporating so many design changes that the type earned the new MiG-3 designation.

Related content
Related Development

MiG-3 - MiG-7 - I-210 - I-220 - I-230

Similar Aircraft

Heinkel He 100 - Curtiss XP-37

Designation Series

MiG-1 - MiG-3 - MiG-5 - MiG-7

Related Lists List of military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the CIS - List of fighter aircraft

Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

de:Mikojan-Gurewitsch MiG-1

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