Misiones Province

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Misiones Province
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Image:Esc mis.jpg

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Area:29.801 km²
Population:965.522 (2001)
Density:32,4 hab./km²
Time zone:GMT-3
Governor:Ing. Carlos Eduardo Rovira
Illiteracy: 8,6 % (1995)
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Map of Argentina highlighting the province

Misiones is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the northeastern corner of the country.

It is surrounded by Paraguay to the northwest, Brazil to the north and east, and Corrientes Province of Argentina to the southwest.


Historical aspects

The province was originally populated by the culture guarani. The European first in coming to the region was Sebastián Gaboto that, mending Paraná River in December of 1527, found Apipé's falls.

In 1541 Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca came to them Iguassu Falls.

In 17th century Jesus' Company came to the zone. These Jesuits initiated his activity creating reductions. In a few years, they managed to create 30 villages, where the Guarani ones, who already were starting practising the agriculture, stopped adopting the sedentarism.

In 1814 Gervasio Posadas, the director of United Provinces, annexed Misiones to Corrientes, generating a problem of autonomy that extended for 70 years.

In 1830 Corrientes invaded to the province, until in 1838 there took place the Paraguayan occupation, which repeated itself in 1865, year in which one initiates it War of Paraguay. Newly in 1876, after the Agreement of Peace with the Argentina, Paraguay left his pretensions on the territory of Misiones.

On December 10 of 1953 the Law 14.294 arranged the provincialitation of the National Territory of Misiones.

Administrative division

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Misiones Province, Political Division

The province is divided in 17 departments (Spanish Departamentos):

Department (Capital)

The constitution of the province was approved on April 21 of 1958.

Geographical aspects

His area does that Misiones it is the smallest second province after Tucumán.

It integrates the clump of Brasilia across the misiones's plateau. His rocks contain important quantities of iron. This one decomposes and forms a part of the soil, granting him the red typical color. For the center of the plateau there rises the Sierra de Misiones, which comes his major height, 843 m, near Bernardo de Irigoyen, in the Cerro Rincón.


The subtropical climate develops without dry station, which it converts to Misiones into one of the most humid provinces of the country. The predominant winds are those of the northwest, southeast and this one. The vegetation is the so called "Selva Misionera". Part of it has been transformed by the man to implant cultures or ranching. The original bioma is protected in Iguazú National Park.

Water resources

The province is embraced by three big rivers: Paraná, Uruguay and Iguazú, native drains off of big regions with abundant rains.


The major contribution to his economy comes from the jungle. The principal exploited species are the Pino Paraná, Guatambú, Cedar, Petiribí, Incense, Cane water-pipe, Anchico, Eucaliptus and Gueycá. Another source of resources is the culturing of Yerba Mate, Tea and, in minor measure, Tobacco, the sugar cane, the rice and the coffee. The cattle production is scanty and essentially in bovine.

There is also a Misiones Department in neighboring Paraguay.

de:Misiones (Provinz)

es:Misiones (Argentina) fr:Misiones it:Provincia di Misiones nl:Misiones (provincie) no:Provincia de Misiones pt:Misiones (Argentina)


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