National Anthem of the Soviet Union

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National Anthem of the USSR (Hymn, Гимн Советского Союза) replaced the Internationale as the national anthem on March 15, 1944. The lyrics were written by Sergey Mikhalkov (born 1913) in collaboration with Gabriel El-Registan and the music was composed by Alexander Alexandrov (1883-1946). It was believed that Soviet soldiers would respond more to an anthem that was dedicated only to the Soviet Union rather than to a worldwide movement. The song was originally written as the Anthem of the Bolshevik Party with lyrics in Alexandrine by Vasily Lebedev-Kumach in 1939.

Stalin was originally mentioned in the lyrics; however, after his death in 1953, the lyrics referring to Stalin were unacceptable. From then on until 1977, the lyrics were not sung to the anthem. In 1977, the lyrics were reused with Stalin's name omitted, and other changes were made (see below). The official name of the 1977 version was "The State Anthem of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" (Russian: Госуда́рственный гимн Сою́за Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик).

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia adopted a new national anthem. In 2000, the old Soviet national anthem was readopted with Mikhalkov writing new lyrics to represent Russia's new non-communist nature. See National Anthem of Russia

Below is the Russian and the English versions of the lyrics; both can be sung to the music. For the official versions in other languages of the USSR see other language versions.

Contents

1977 version

Russian lyrics

1.

Союз нерушимый республик свободных
Сплотила навеки Великая Русь.
Да здравствует созданный волей народов
Единый, могучий Советский Союз!
ПРИПЕВ:
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Дружбы народов надёжный оплот!
Партия Ленина — сила народная
Нас к торжеству коммунизма ведёт!

2.

Сквозь грозы сияло нам солнце свободы,
И Ленин великий нам путь озарил:
На правое дело он поднял народы,
На труд и на подвиги нас вдохновил!
ПРИПЕВ

3.

В победе бессмертных идей коммунизма
Мы видим грядущее нашей страны,
И Красному знамени славной Отчизны
Мы будем всегда беззаветно верны!
ПРИПЕВ

Transliteration from Russian

1.

Sayuz nerushimiy respublik svabodnykh
Splotila naveki velikaya Rus'!
Da zdravstvuet sozdanniy voley narodav
Yediniy, moguchiy Sovetskiy Sayuz!
CHORUS:
Slavsya Otechestva nashe svabodnoye,
Druzhbi narodav nadyozhniy oplot,
Partiya Lenina — sila narodnaya
Nas k torzhestvu kommunizma vedyot!

2.

Skvoz' grozy siyala nam solntse svobodi,
I Lenin velikiy nam put' azaril,
Na pravoe delo on podnyal narodi,
Na trud i na podvigi nas vdakhnavil!
CHORUS

3.

V pobede bessmertnikh idey kommunizma
My vidim gryadushchee nashey strany,
I krasnomu znameni slavnoy otchizny
My budem vsegda bezzavetna verni!
CHORUS

Transliteration from Russian according to the ISO 9 standard

1.

Soûz nerušimyj respublik svobodnyh
Splotila naveki velikaâ Rus’!
Da zdravstvuet sozdannyj volej narodov
Edinyj, mogučij Sovetskij Soûz!
CHORUS:
Slav’sâ, Otečestvo naše svobodnoe,
Družby narodov nadëžnyj oplot,
Partiâ Lenina — sila narodnaâ
Nas k toržestvu kommunizma vedët!

2.

Skvoz’ grozy siâlo nam solnce svobody,
I Lenin velikij nam put’ ozaril,
Na pravoe delo on podnâl narody,
Na trud i na podvigi nas vdohnovil!
CHORUS

3.

V pobede bessmertnyh idej kommunizma
My vidim grâduŝee našej strany,
I krasnomu znameni slavnoj Otčizny
My budem vsegda bezzavetno verni!
CHORUS

IPA transcription

1.

|
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CHORUS:

2.

|
|
|
CHORUS

3.

CHORUS


English lyrics

Unbreakable Union of freeborn Republics,
Great Russia has welded forever to stand.
Created in struggle by will of the people,
United and mighty, our Soviet land!
CHORUS:
Sing to the Motherland, home of the free,
Bulwark of peoples in brotherhood strong.
O Party of Lenin, the strength of the people,
To Communism's triumph lead us on!
Through tempests the sunrays of freedom have cheered us,
Along the new path where great Lenin did lead.
To a righteous cause he raised up the peoples,
Inspired them to labour and valourous deed.
CHORUS
In the vict'ry of Communism's deathless ideal,
We see the future of our dear land.
And to her fluttering scarlet banner,
Selflessly true we always shall stand!
CHORUS


See also: National Anthems of the USSR and Union Republics

1977 Literal Translation

1.

The unbreakable union of free republics
Has been joined forever by Great Russia
Long live the united and mighty Soviet Union
Created by the will of peoples
CHORUS:
Glory to our free Fatherland
The stronghold of the friendship of peoples
Party of Lenin is the power of the people
It leads us to the triumph of the Communism

2.

The Sun of the freedom was shining through the storms
And the great Lenin lighted us the way
He raised peoples to the right cause
He inspired us for labour and for acts of heroism

CHORUS

3.

We see the future of our country
In the victory of the immortal ideas of the Communism
We shall always be selflessy loyal
To the Red flag of our glorious Fatherland

1943 version

The 1943 text had three different refrains following three different stanzas; in each refrain, the second line was consequently modified with references to friendship, then happiness and finally the glory. In 1977, these refrains were replaced by a uniform refrain following all stanzas.

Russian lyrics & transliteration

Russian Transliteration from Russian
Союз нерушимый республик свободных

Сплотила навеки Великая Русь.
Да здравствует созданный волей народов
Единый, могучий Советский Союз!

Soyuz nerushimiy respublik svobodnykh

Splotila naveki velikaya Rus'!
Da zdravstvuet sozdanniy voley narodov
Yediniy, moguchiy Sovetskiy Soyuz!

Припев:

Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Дружбы народов надёжный оплот!
Знамя советское, знамя народное
Пусть от победы к победе ведёт!

CHORUS:

Slavsya Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Druzhbi narodov nadyozhniy oplot,
Znamya sovetskoe, znamya narodnoye
Pust' ot pobedy k pobede vedyot!

Сквозь грозы сияло нам солнце свободы,

И Ленин великий нам путь озарил:
Нас вырастил Сталин - на верность народу,
На труд и на подвиги нас вдохновил!

Skvoz' grozy siyalo nam solntse svobodi,

I Lenin velikiy nam put' ozaril,
Nas vyrastil Stalin -- na vernost' narodi,
Na trud i na podvigi nas vdokhnovil!

Припев:

Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Счастья народов надёжный оплот!
Знамя советское, знамя народное
Пусть от победы к победе ведёт!

CHORUS:

Slavsya Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Schast'ya narodov nadyozhniy oplot,
Znamya sovetskoe, znamya narodnoye
Pust' ot pobedy k pobede vedyot!


Мы армию нашу растили в сраженьях.

Захватчиков подлых с дороги сметём!
Мы в битвах решаем судьбу поколений,
Мы к славе Отчизну свою поведём!

My armiyu nashu rastili v srazhen'yach,

Zachvatchikov podlych s dorogi smetem!
My v bitvach reshaem sud'bu pokolenij,
My k slave Otchiznu svoyu povedem!

Припев:

Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Славы народов надёжный оплот!
Знамя советское, знамя народное
Пусть от победы к победе ведёт!

CHORUS:

Slavsya Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Slavy narodov nadyozhniy oplot,
Znamya sovetskoe, znamya narodnoye
Pust' ot pobedy k pobede vedyot!

English lyrics

Note: This version of the Hymn of the Soviet Union is an interpretation of the Russian lyrics rather than a word-by-word translation.

United forever in friendship and labor,
Our mighty republics will ever endure.
The great Soviet Union will live through the ages.
The dream of the people their fortress secure.
CHORUS:
Long live our Soviet Motherland, built by the people's mighty hand.
Long live our People, united and free.
Strong in our friendship tried by fire. Long may our crimson flag inspire,
Shining in glory for all men to see.
Through days dark and stormy where Great Lenin led us
Our eyes saw the bright sun of freedom above
and Stalin our Leader with faith in the People,
Inspired us to build up the land that we love.
CHORUS:
Long live our Soviet Motherland, built by the people's mighty hand.
Long live our People, happy and free.
Strong in our friendship tried by fire. Long may our crimson flag inspire,
Shining in glory for all men to see.
We fought for the future, destroyed the invader,
and brought to our homeland the Laurels of Fame.
Our glory will live in the memory of nations
and all generations will honour her name.
CHORUS
Long live our Soviet Motherland, built by the people's mighty hand.
Long live our People, glorious and free.
Strong in our friendship tried by fire. Long may our crimson flag inspire,
Shining in glory for all men to see.

1943 Literal Translation

1.

The unbreakable union of free republics
Has been joined forever by Great Russia
Long live the united and mighty Soviet Union
Created by the will of peoples
CHORUS:
Glory to our free Fatherland
The realiable stronghold of the friendship of peoples
The people's flag, a Soviet one
Leads us from victory to victory

2.

The Sun of the freedom was shining through the storms
And the great Lenin lighted us the way
We were grown by Stalin to be faithful to the people
He has inspired us for work and for acts of heroism
CHORUS:
Glory to our free Fatherland
The realiable stronghold of the happliness of peoples
The people's flag, a Soviet one
Leads us from victory to victory

3.

We grew our Army in the battles
We will sweep any mean invader out of our way
We decide the fate of the generations in the battles
We will lead our Fatherland to the glory
CHORUS:
Glory to our free Fatherland
The realiable stronghold of the glory of peoples
The people's flag, a Soviet one
Leads us from victory to victory

Audio

External links

et:Nukogude Liidu hmn fr:Gimn Sovetskovo Soyuza it:Inno della Federazione Russa ko:소련찬가 id:Gimn Sovetskogo Soyuza hu:Szovjet himnusz nl:Gimn Sovjetskogo Sojoeza ja:ソビエト連邦の国歌 no:Hymne til Sovjetunionen pl:Hymn ZSRR sl:Himna Sovjetske zveze fi:Neuvostoliiton hymni sv:Hymn till Sovjetunionen zh:牢不可破的联盟

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