New Right

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New Right is used in several countries as a descriptive term for various forms of conservatism that emerged in the mid- to late twentieth century.

  • In the United States, the New Right refers to a political movement that coalesced through grassroots organizing in the years preceding the 1964 presidential campaign of conservative icon Barry Goldwater. The Goldwater campaign, though failing to unseat incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson, galvanized the formation of a new political movement. In elite think-tanks and local community organizations alike, new policies, marketing strategies, and electoral strategies were crafted over the succeeding decades. The New Right succeeded in building a policy approach and electoral apparatus that propelled Ronald Reagan into the White House in the 1980 presidential election. The American New Right is distinct from and opposed to the more moderate tradition of the so-called Rockefeller Republicans. Though mostly ignored by scholars until the late 1980s, the formation of the New Right is now one of the fastest-growing areas of historical research.
  • In France, the New Right (or Nouvelle Droite) has been used as a term to describe a modern think-tank of French political philosophers and intellectuals led by Alain de Benoist. Although accused by some critics as being far-right in their beliefs, they are nonetheless adamant that their ideas transcend the traditional Left/Right divide and actively encourage free debate.
  • In Australia the "New Right" refers to a movement in the late 1970s and 1980s which advocated economically liberal (see Economic Liberalism) and socially conservative policies (as opposed to the "old right" which advocated economically conservative policies). Economic liberalism - also called Economic Rationalism in Australia - is a philosophy which advocates small government, Deregulation, Privatisation, Free Trade and lower taxes. The politicians favouring New Right ideology were refered to as "dries", while those advocating continuation of conservative economic policies were called "wets".
  • In Germany the "Neue Rechte"(literally new right) consits of two parts the "Jungkonservative"(lit. young conservatives), which search for followers in the civically part of the population and have as main organ the newspaper "Junge Freiheit"(http://www.junge-freiheit.de/) and the other part is the "Nationalrevolutionäre"(national revolutionists), those search for followers in the ultra-left part of the german population, and use the rhetorics of NSDAP's left-wing politicans such as Gregor and Otto Strasser.

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