Original jurisdiction

From Academic Kids

The original jurisdiction of a court refers to matters on which the court rules directly, rather than on matters which are referred to it after being heard by another court. The latter is appellate jurisdiction.

France

The Conseil d'État has original jurisdiction on a number of litigations against national authorities, including recourses against decrees and some dfsdf administrative decisions.

United States

The Supreme Court of the United States generally has appellate jurisdiction over its cases i.e. cases are appealed through the judicial system until they reach the Court, most commonly through writs of certiorari. However, in a certain limited class of cases, the Court has original jurisdiction to consider the facts and the law of a case without it having first been passed on by a lower court. Currently, the only cases commonly handled by the Supreme Court are disputes between two or more U.S. states, typically regarding boundary lines or water claims.

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