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Oscar class submarine

From Academic Kids

The Soviet Union's Project 949 (Granit) and Project 949A (Antey) submarines are known in the West by their NATO reporting names: the Oscar-I and Oscar-II classes respectively.

Oscars are comparable in size to the Ohio-class submarines of the United States Navy: Oscars displace less when surfaced but more when submerged; they are shorter in length but broader in beam.

Two Oscar-I submarines were built at Severodvinsk and assigned to the Soviet Northern Fleet:

  • K-525, Minsky Komsomolets, laid down 1978, commissioned 1980, renamed Arkhangelsk in 1991
  • K-206, Murmansk, was commissioned in 1981

Ten Oscar-II submarines were built at Severodvinsk. Six were assigned to the Soviet Northern Fleet:

Four were assigned to the Soviet Pacific Fleet:

General Characteristics

  • Displacement when surfaced: 13,400 tons (Oscar-I), 14,700 tons maximum (Oscar-II)
  • Displacement when submerged: 20,540 tons (Oscar-I), 24,000 tons (Oscar-II)
  • Length: 144 meters (Oscar-I), 155 meters (Oscar-II)
  • Beam: 18.2 meters
  • Draft: 9 meters (Oscar-I) 9.2 meters (Oscar-II)
  • Max depth: Oscar-I - 400 meters regular, 450 critical. Oscar-II - 500 meters regular, 600 critical.
  • Compartments: 10
  • Complement: 48 officers, 68 men (Oscar-I) or 59 men (Oscar-II)
  • Reactor: Two OK-650b pressurised water reactors generating 190MW each.
  • Propulsion: two shafts, each 49,000hp
  • Speed (submerged): 30 knots (Oscar-I), 28 knots (Oscar-II)
  • Strategic armament: 24 Granit SS-N-19 missiles in two banks of 12 tubes mounted outside the pressure hull
  • Defensive armament: four 533mm and two 650mm bow torpedo tubes

external links


Oscar-class submarine

Project 949 Granit (Oscar-I) (all Northern Fleet)
K-525 Minskiy Komsomolets | K-206 Murmansk

Project 949A Antey (Oscar-II)
Northern Fleet
K-148 Krasnodar | K-119 Voronezh | K-410 Smolensk | K-266 Orel (ex-Severodvinsk) | K-186 Omsk | K-141 Kursk
Soviet Pacific Fleet
K-132 Belgorod | K-173 Chelyabinsk | K-150 Tomsk | K-456 Kasatka

List of Soviet and Russian submarines
List of Soviet and Russian submarine classes
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