Pancharatna Kritis

From Academic Kids

Pancharatna kritis (Sanskrit pancham, five + ratnam, gem) is used to denote a set of five kritis(songs) in Carnatic music.

Various composers have contributed different sets of Pancharatna Kritis. The most famous among the different Pancharatna Kritis are those composed in Telugu1 by Saint Tyagaraja, one of the composers in the Trimurti of Carnatic music.

The Pancharatna Kritis of Thyagaraja consist of the following :-

  1. JagadAnandha KAraka - Raga Naata
  2. Dudukugala - Raga Gowla
  3. SAdhinchane - Raga Arabhi
  4. Kanakana Ruchira - Raga Varali
  5. Endaro MahAnubhAvulu - Raga Sri
Contents

Notation & description


Jagadanandakaraka (Raga Nattai)

In this song, Tyagaraja is in all praise for his lord Sree Ramachandra. He eulogizes Ramachandra as one who is the cause of all bliss in the Universe. This is the only kriti that was composed in Sanskrit.

Notation (Latin alphabet)

  1. Pallavi Jagadaanandakaarakaa
    Jaya Jaanaki Praana Naayakaa
  2. Anupallavi Gaganaadipa Sat Kulajaraaja Rajeshwara
    Sugunaakara Sura Sevya Bhavya Daayakaa Sadaa Sakala

Charanam

Amarataaraka Nichaya Kumudahita Paripoorna Anagha Sura Sura
Bhooja Dadi Payodhi Vaasaharana Sundaratara Vadhana Sudhaamayavacho
Brinda Govinda Saananda Maavara Ajaraapta Shubhakaraa Aneka (Jagadaa)

Nigama Neerajamrutaja Poshaka Animisha Vairi Vaaridha Sameerana
Khaga Turanga Satkavi Hrudaalaya Aganita Vaanaraadhipa Nataanghriyuga (Jagadaa)

Indra Neelamani Sannibhaapaghana Chandra Surya Nayanaaprameya
Vaageendra Janaka Sakalesha Shubhra Naagendra Shayana Shamana Vairi Sannuta (Jagadaa)

Dudukugala Nanne (Raaga Goula)

Saadhinchane (Raaga Arabhi)

Kanakanaruchira (Raaga Varali)

Endaro Mahanubhavulu (Raaga Sri)

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