Potassium carbonate

From Academic Kids

Potassium carbonate is a white salt, soluble in water (insoluble in alcohol), which forms a strongly alkaline solution. It can be made as the product of potassium hydroxide's absorbant reaction with carbon dioxide. It is a deliquescent (usually damp or wet) solid, used in the production of soap and glass.

Properties

General

Name Potassium carbonate
Chemical formula K2CO3
Appearance White solid

Physical

Formula weight 138.2 amu
Melting point 1164 K (891 °C)
Boiling point Decomposes at ?
Density 2.4 ×103 kg/m3
Crystal structure ?
Solubility 93.7 g in 100g water

Thermochemistry

ΔfH0liquid -1123 kJ/mol
ΔfH0solid -1151 kJ/mol
S0solid 156 J/mol·K

Safety

Ingestion Severe irritation may result.
Do not induce vomiting.
Inhalation Acts as an irritant.
Skin Acts as an irritant.
Eyes Acts as an irritant
More info Hazardous Chemical Database (http://ull.chemistry.uakron.edu/erd/chemicals/10/9879.html)

SI units were used where possible. Unless otherwise stated, standard conditions were used.
Disclaimer and references

Potassium carbonate is the primary component of potash and the more refined pearlash or salts of tartar. Historically pearlash was created by baking potash in a kiln to remove impurities. The fine white powder remaining was the pearlash. Pearlash has been used for soap, glass, and china production. The first patent issued by the U.S. Patent Office was awarded to Samuel Hopkins in 1790 for an improved method of making pearlash.

In late 18th century North America, before the development of baking powder, pearlash began to be used as as a leavening agent in "quick breads".

Today potassium carbonate is prepared commercially by the electrolysis of potassium chloride. The resulting potassium hydroxide is then carbonated using carbon dioxide to form potassium carbonate, which is often used to produce other potassium compounds.

Other terms for potassium carbonate include:

  • carbonate of potash,
  • dipotassium carbonate,
  • dipotassium salt,
  • pearl ash,
  • pot ash,
  • salt of tartar, and
  • salt of wormwood.

References

A Dictionary of Science, Oxford University Press Inc., New York 2003


Template:Inorganic-compound-stubes:Carbonato de potasio ja:炭酸カリウム

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