San Fernando, California

From Academic Kids

San Fernando is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 23,564. The city was named for the Catholic mission there, Mission San Fernando Rey de Espaņa. It is completely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles, with the districts of Sylmar to the north, Lake View Terrace to the east, Pacoima to the south, and Mission Hills to the west. It is served by the Golden State, Foothill, Ronald Reagan, and San Diego freeways.

While most of the towns in the surrounding San Fernando Valley agreed to annexation by Los Angeles in the 1910s, eager to tap the bountiful water supply provided by the newly opened Los Angeles Aqueduct, San Fernando's abundant groundwater supplies allowed it to remain a separate city. Even as the San Fernando Valley transformed itself from an agricultural area to a suburban one in the decades after World War II, San Fernando retained its independence.

As with much of the San Fernando Valley east of the San Diego Freeway, the city of San Fernando has become relatively impoverished in recent years; middle-class whites, who dominated the area in the 1950s, have since left for other parts of the San Fernando Valley, as well as the Santa Clarita and Antelope Valleys to the north. The area's population is now almost completely of Mexican origin.

Geography

San Fernando is located at 34°17'14" North, 118°26'20" West (34.287251, -118.438836)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.2 km² (2.4 mi²). 6.2 km² (2.4 mi²) of it is land and none of it is covered by water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 23,564 people, 5,774 households, and 4,832 families residing in the city. The population density is 3,822.7/km² (9,880.7/mi²). There are 5,932 housing units at an average density of 962.3/km² (2,487.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 42.76% White, 0.98% African American, 1.69% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 49.35% from other races, and 3.98% from two or more races. 89.28% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 5,774 households out of which 52.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% are married couples living together, 16.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 16.3% are non-families. 12.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 4.07 and the average family size is 4.33.

In the city the population is spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 27 years. For every 100 females there are 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 99.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $39,909, and the median income for a family is $40,138. Males have a median income of $26,068 versus $22,599 for females. The per capita income for the city is $11,485. 19.1% of the population and 15.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 22.5% of those under the age of 18 and 15.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

External links

Template:Mapit-US-cityscale

Template:Cities of Los Angeles County, Californiade:San Fernando

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