Santa Fe Province

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Bandera de la provincia

Province of Santa Fe
Capital:Santa Fe
Area:133.007 km2
Population:3.000.701 (Census 2001)
Density:22,56/km²
Time zone:GMT-3
Governor:Jorge Obeid (PJ)
Illiteracy Rate:3,7 % (1995)
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Santa Fe is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. The capital is Santa Fe (population 369,000). Its more important cities are Rosario (population 908,000), Rafaela (83,000), Villa Gobernador Gálvez (74,000), Venado Tuerto (69,000), Reconquista (66,000) and Santo Tomé (58,000). The province has a population of 3,000,701 (2001), and covers an area of 133,007 km². Neighboring provinces are from the north clockwise Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Buenos Aires, Córdoba and Santiago del Estero.

Contents

History

The aboriginal tribes who inhabited this region were the Tobas, Timbúes, Mocovíes, Pilagás, Guaycurúes and Guaraníes. They were nomadic, lived from hunting, fishing and fruit recollection.

The first European settlement was established in 1527, at the confluence of the Paraná and Carcarañá rivers, when Sebastián Gaboto on his way through north founded a fort named Sancti Spíritu, destroyed two years later by the indians.

In 1573 Juan de Garay founded the city of Santa Fe in the surroundings of present town Cayastá. Between the years 1651 and 1660 it was moved to its present location.

In 1812 the lawyer and general Manuel Belgrano created and displayed for the first time the Argentine flag on the banks of the Paraná river, at Rosario (by that time a small village), 160 km south of Santa Fe.

In 1815, while Alvear's central government felt due to Ignacio Álvarez Thomas' rebellion (at that time commander of an army sent to Santa Fe against Artigas), Francisco Candioti, the local militia chief, took over, peacefully, of government, thus starting the era of Santa Fe as an autonomous province. This period was short lived, since that same year Candioti passed away and central government reestablished the dependant government. However, in 1816, the caudillos Mariano Vera and Estanislao López deposed the governor delegate and proclaimed the sovereignty of the province and its membership into Artigas's Free Peoples League (Liga de Pueblos Libres).

López drew, in 1818, a provincial constitution of a strongly conservative flavour, after rejecting a project proposed by a provincial assembly. During the civil strifes of 1820, Santa Fe troops were decisive in the defeat of Buenos Aires' centralist army. So, in time, López gradually became the Federation's Patriarc, establishing himself as referent of the Federal Party until his death on 1838.

After López's death it was his secretary and rigth hand, José María Cullen the one elected governor. However, being Cullen a potential rival of Buenos Aires's governor and Confederation's Foreign Affairs Representative, Juan Manuel de Rosas, he sook and got Cullen's capture and execution, naming pro-rosist Juan Pablo López as governor. The new governor mantained in power, alterning with Pascual Echagüe, until the province invasion by Justo José de Urquiza's Great Army in 1851, and during his term the province adopted a new Constitution in 1841.

After the organization of the nation, the province lived and era of peace, only disturbed by strong electoral contests beetween the two political currents of the time: the federal one lead by Urquiza and the national or liberal one, lead by Bartolomé Mitre.

Economy

Among the economical activities of the province, the most remarcable are agriculture (especially soy and wheat), and various industries, remarcably agricultural machinery, dairy products, vegetal oil refineries and biogenetical investigation.

Government

The provincial government is divided in the usual three branches: the executive, headed by a governor, popularly elected for non-reelection four-year terms, who appoint the cabinet; the legislative, formed by a bi-cameral legislature (a 50-member Chamber of Deputies and a 19-member Senate, all elected for four-year terms); and the judiciary, headed by the Supreme Court and completed by several inferior tribunals.


Administrative Division

The province is divided in 19 departments (Spanish: departamentos), and the departments are divided in districts which can be organised as communes or municipalities.

Departament Population Area Head town
Belgrano 41.449 2.386 km² Las Rosas
Caseros 79.096 3.449 km² Casilda
Castellanos 162.165 6.600 km² Rafaela
Constitución 83.045 3.225 km² Villa Constitución
Garay 19.913 3.964 km² Helvecia
General López 182.113 11.558 km² Melincué
General Obligado 166.436 10.928 km² Reconquista
Iriondo 65.486 3.184 km² Cañada de Gómez
La Capital 489.505 3.055 km² Santa Fe
Las Colonias 95.202 6.439 km² Esperanza
9 de Julio 28.273 16.870 km² Tostado
Rosario 1.121.441 1.890 km² Rosario
San Cristóbal 64.935 14.850 km² San Cristóbal
San Javier 29.912 6.929 km² San Javier
San Jerónimo 77.253 4.282 km² Coronda
San Justo 40.379 5.575 km² San Justo
San Lorenzo 142.097 1.867 km² San Lorenzo
San Martín 60.698 4.860 km² Sastre
Vera 51.303 21.096 km² Vera



de:Santa Fe (Provinz)

es:Provincia de Santa Fe no:Provincia de Santa Fe pt:Província de Santa Fé

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