Shahadah

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See Shahada (India) for the Indian town called Shahada.

The shahādah, or the Islamic creed, is the declaration of belief in the unity of God (Allah in Arabic) and the prophethood of Muhammad. Its recitation is considered one of the Five Pillars of Islam. When stated aloud, one is considered to have officially declared oneself a convert to Islam.

The Arabic words are: لا إله إلا الله ومحمد رسول الله

which are romanized:

Lā 'ilāha 'illā llāha wa Muhammadun rasūlu llāhi.

English translation:

There is no god except God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God.

It is also commonly anglicised as:

There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His prophet.

Honest recitation of the shahādah once, in Arabic, in front of two Muslim witnesses, is all that is required for a person to become a Muslim.

It is considered correct to refer to previous figures, such as Jesus (in Arabic, Isa) as prophets (rasul), and some groups (notably certain Sufi mystics) will amend the declaration to mention prior prophets whose names are found in the Qur'an.

History

One of the earliest surviving translations of the Shahadah into a foreign language is in Greek, from the reign of al-Walid I (86-96 AH, 705-715 AD): Ouk estin theos ei mē ho theos monos; Maamet apostolos theou.[1] (http://www.islamic-awareness.org/History/Islam/Papyri/enlp1.html) "There is no god if not the single god; Muhammad is god's apostle", i.e. Allah is being translated as "the single god".

See also

External links

de:Schahada et:Šahada fr:Chahada id:Syahadat nl:Shahadah ja:シャハーダ nb:Shahadah nn:Sjahdah pl:Szahada ru:Шахада zh:清真言

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