Space Shuttle Endeavour

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Space Shuttles

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American

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Soviet

Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-105) is the fifth and most recent NASA space shuttle to be built.

Construction of Endeavour began in 1987 to replace Challenger, which was lost in an accident in 1986. Structural spares from the construction of shuttles Discovery and Atlantis were used in its assembly. The decision to build Endeavour was favored over refitting Enterprise because it was cheaper.

Endeavour was first launched in 1992 and on its first mission captured and redeployed a stranded communications satellite. In 1993 it made the first service mission to the Hubble Space Telescope. Endeavour was withdrawn from service for eight months in 1997 for a retrofit, including installation of a new airlock. In December 1998, it delivered the Unity Module to the International Space Station.

The orbiter is named after the HM Bark Endeavour, the ship commanded by 18th century explorer James Cook (which explains the British spelling); the name also honoured Endeavour, the Command Module of Apollo 15.

Flights

Shuttle Endeavour on launchpad. Photo courtesy of NASA
Enlarge
Shuttle Endeavour on launchpad. Photo courtesy of NASA

Space Shuttle Endeavour has flown 19 flights, spent 206.60-days in space, completed 3,259 orbits, and flown 85,072,077 miles in total, as of February 2003.

Date Designation Notes
1992 May 7 STS-49 Capture and redeploy Intelsat VI
1992 September 12 STS-47 Spacelab mission J
1993 January 13 STS-54 Deploy TDRS-F
1993 June 21 STS-57 Spacelab experiments. Retrieve European Retrievable Carrier
1993 December 2 STS-61 First Hubble Space Telescope service mission
1994 April 9 STS-59 Space Radar Laboratory experiments
1994 September 30 STS-68 Space Radar Laboratory experiments
1995 March 30 STS-67 Spacelab Astro-2 experiments
1995 September 7 STS-69 Wake Shield Facility and other experiments
1996 January 11 STS-72 Retrieve Japanese Space Flyer Unit
1996 May 19 STS-77 Spacelab experiments
1998 January 22 STS-89 Rendezvous with Mir space station and astronaut exchange
1998 December 4 STS-88 International Space Station assembly mission
2000 February 11 STS-99 Shuttle Radar Topography Mission experiments
2000 November 30 STS-97 International Space Station assembly mission
2001 April 19 STS-100 International Space Station assembly mission
2001 December 5 STS-108 International Space Station rendezvous and astronaut exchange
2002 June 5 STS-111 International Space Station rendezvous and astronaut exchange
2002 November 23 STS-113 International Space Station assembly mission and astronaut exchange

Related articles

External links

da:Endeavour (rumfrge) de:Endeavour nl:Space Shuttle Endeavour pt:Endeavour sv:Endeavour (rymdfrja) ja:エンデバー zh:奮進號太空梭

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