Stefan Stambolov

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Statue_of_Stefan_Stambolov_in_Veliko_Tarnovo.jpg
A statue of Stefan Stambolov in his birthplace Veliko Turnovo

Stefan Stambolov was one of the most important and popular "Founders of Modern Bulgaria". He was born on January 31st, 1854 in Veliko Turnovo. His family came from Tryavna.

Stambolov's education began in Veliko Turnovo, but he later studied in the Odessa Seminary between 1870 and 1872. His father took part in the "Velchova Zavera" (1835) works with Captain Nikola Filipovski (1853). Stambolov himself grew up among revolutionists like Hristo Ivanov "Knigovezetza", father Mathei Preobrazhenski, Hristo Karaminkov "Buneto". He also took part in almost all actions for political independence in the 1870s - he joined the Bulgarian Revolutionary Central Committee (BRCC) in Bucharest, he was at Gyurgevo, had an important role in the preparations of the uprising in Stara Zagora (1875) and in the great uprising of April (1876).

Stambolov was involved in the political discussions as early as the time of the first Bulgarian parliament - "The Founding Subranie" of 1879. After 1880 he became the vice-chairman and later the chairman of the Narodno Subranie (the Bulgarian parliament). For a relatively long period he was the Prime Minister of the country (1888 - 1894). He helped the Union of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia (1886). Stambolov was a nationalist; as a politician, he strengthened the diplomacy of the country, its economy, and the general political power of the state. He had a dispute with Russia and Ferdinand, but was attacked by political enemies in Sofia on July 3rd, 1895. He died three days later.

Sources

de:Stefan Stambolow ja:ステファン・スタンボロフ

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