U.S. III Corps

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For the III Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War, see III Corps (ACW).


Missing image
III_Corps.US_Army.patchgif.gif
Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army III Corps, America's Hammer.

The III Corps (Third Corps) —nicknamed the Phantom Corps, America's Hammer, and the Counterattack Corps— is a corps of the United States Army. The III Corps is the official counteroffensive force of the U.S. Army, and it is currently headquartered at Fort Hood, Texas. Its major units are the 1st Cavalry Division and the 4th Infantry Division.

History

The corps was first created 16 May 1918 in France, and participated in six campaigns. It was demobilized 9 September 1919 at Camp Sherman in Ohio.

It was reconstituted 27 June 1944, and fought through Europe, first in the Northern France Campaign, then the Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, and Central Europe. It was inactivated 10 October 1946.

It was active from 1951 to 1959, then reactivated permanently in 1961.

In early 2004, the corps headquarters deployed to Iraq to relieve V Corps of command responsibility for US forces in Iraq. That represented the corps' first active service deployment since 1945.

III Corps is currently commanded by Lieutenant General Thomas F. Metz.

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