Volvo Amazon

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Amazonrace.jpg
A Saab 96 (left) and a Volvo Amazon (right) line up to race.

The Volvo Amazon is a Swedish-built car, the first one being rolled out of the factory in October 1956 as an alternative to the Volvo PV.

The Amazon is known for being a reliable car. Of the 297,000 sold in Sweden 35,000 are still registered and it's expected that 15,000 are still in use.

The model number of the Amazon is 120. 121 was the base model with a single carburetor 66bhp engine. The 122S introduced in 1959 was the performance model equipped with a dual carburetor 85bhp engine. It included the 130 (two door saloon), 120 (four door saloon) and 220 (4-door estate wagon) models.

In 1967 came the 123GT that was a 130 with high compression B18B engine, M41 gearbox, fully reclining seats, front fog and driving lights, alternator, fender mounted mirrors, special steering wheel, dash with a shelf on the passenger side, limited slip differential, and other cosmetic upgrades.

The design was clearly inspired by American cars of the early 1950s, it was heavily modelled on the Chrysler New Yorker saloon and the Chrysler C300 hardtop Coupe. It originally came with Volvo Cars's new B16 engine, a 3-speed manual gearbox and rear wheel drive. In 1959 the sport model, Amazon Sport, was released and later the same year the Amazon became the first car with a three-point safety belt. In 1962, Volvo introduced a two door version, a four door combi (wagon) and the new B18 engine, but the two tone paint job was no longer available. The new gearbox selections were the three speed M30, the four speed M40 and the M41 with four speed and overdrive.

In 1966 production of the Volvo PV ceased and the Amazon Favorit was introduced to replace it. In 1967 came the Amazon 123 GT that was even more of a sports car than the Amazon Sport. The engine was a tuned B18 from the Volvo P1800. In 1969 the displacement of the old B18 engine was increased and the engine was called the B20.

While the car was sold as the Volvo Amazon in Sweden, it was marketed using the model number in most other countries, or more in general as the Volvo 122. The reason for this was that "Amazon" was already a registered trademark in one export market, Germany.

Production ended in 1970. A total of 667,791 were made. It was replaced by the Volvo 140. During the sales of

External links

  • Norsk Volvo Amazon Klubb (http://www.nvak.no/)
  • Svenska Volvo Amazonklubben (http://www.amazonklubben.se/)
  • www.volvo122s.cl - interesting information and they are apparently working on an English version (a Babel Fish link (http://babelfish.altavista.com/babelfish/trurl_pagecontent?lp=es_en&trurl=http%3a%2f%2fbabelfish.altavista.com%2fbabelfish%2ftrurl_pagecontent%3flp%3des_en%26url%3dhttp%3a%2f%2fweb2.volvo122s.cl%2fespanol%2findex.htm) can be found on their front page for the time being)
  • Brickboard 120-130 forum (http://brickboard.com/RWD/?model=120-130) - discussions related to ownership and repair of Volvo 120/130/220
  • www.vclassics.com - lots of stuff (check out the Tech Archive section)
  • Swedish Embassy (http://www.intelab.com/swem/) - information and sarcasm in a convenient package (no, it has got nothing to do with the Embassy of Sweden (http://www.swedenabroad.com/pages/welcome.asp))pl:Volvo Amazon

sv:Volvo Amazon

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