York, Maine

From Academic Kids

York is a town, important as a summer tourist destination, located in York County, Maine, at the southeast corner of the state and directly on the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 12,854.

The town was originally called Georgeana, Massachusetts which on March 1, 1642 became the first incorporated city in America. A cluster of historic buildings in the center of the old village are maintained by volunteers and much visited by tourists.

Three communities are together identified by travel signs as "The Yorks": York Village (including the historic structures and upscale shops), York Harbor (with a number of resorts as well as elegant cottages on the water), and York Beach (with popular attractions such as arcades, souvenir shops and candy stores). During the summer months, tourists by the thousands, chiefly families, visit Short Sands Beach, which is in York Beach itself, and Long Sands Beach, more than a mile of smooth sand between York Beach and York Harbor. Dozens of motels and other accommodations fill the surrounding area. Many spots in the Yorks have picturesque views of the historic lighthouse at Nubble Rock, which has figured in artists' work as well as cheap souvenirs of the Maine coast.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 149.4 km² (57.7 mi²). 142.2 km² (54.9 mi²) of it is land and 7.2 km² (2.8 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 4.82% water.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 12,854 people, 5,235 households, and 3,690 families residing in the town. The population density is 90.4/km² (234.1/mi²). There are 8,053 housing units at an average density of 56.6/km² (146.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 98.36% White, 0.25% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 5,235 households out of which 29.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% are married couples living together, 7.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% are non-families. 24.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.42 and the average family size is 2.88.

In the town the population is spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 30.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 43 years. For every 100 females there are 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 88.7 males.

York includes many houses with breathtaking views and enviable design and size. Census figures reflect such prosperity, indicating that the median income for a household in the town is $56,171, and the median income for a family is $65,082. Males have a median income of $49,415 versus $31,743 for females. The per capita income for the town is $30,895. 3.8% of the population and 1.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 1.8% of those under the age of 18 and 6.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

History

York, then known as Georgeana, Massachusetts, was the first city to be incorporated in America.

External link

See also: other Yorks
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