Allier

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Allier
Missing image
Allier.jpg
image:allier.jpg

Information
Number03
RegionAuvergne
PrefectureMoulins
SubprefecturesMontluçon
Vichy
Population


 - Total (1999)
 - Density

Ranked 63rd


344,721


47 /km²
Area7,340 km²
Arrondissements3
Cantons35
Communes320
President of the
general council
Gérard Dériot
Location
Location of Allier in France

Allier is a département in south-central France named after the Allier River.

Contents

History

Allier was one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Auvergne and Bourbonnais.

In 1940, the government of Marshal Philippe Pétain chose the town of Vichy as its capital.

Geography

The department belongs to the région Auvergne and is surrounded by the following French departments: Cher, Nièvre, Saône-et-Loire, Loire, Puy-de-Dôme, and Creuse.

The following rivers run through Allier:

See also: List of the communes of the Allier département.

Economy

Allier is the most productive agricultural area of the Auvergne. Vichy has long been known for its water, which is exported throughout the world.

Demographics

Montluçon, Vichy, and Moulins are the principal cities. The rest of the department consists of smaller towns, mostly along the rivers. In general, the department is sparsely populated. The population increased until the end of the 19th century because of the growth of industry in Montluçon and Moulins and development of the thermal resources at Vichy. At that time the department had over 420,000 inhabitants. After the losses of World War I, the population stagnated, with a small increase in the 1960s. Since then, it has decreased slightly from 386,533 in 1968 to 344,721 in 1999.

External links

Départements of France Flag of France
01 | 02 | 03 | 04 | 05 | 06 | 07 | 08 | 09 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 2A | 2B | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 | 47 | 48 | 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 | 60 | 61 | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | 67 | 68 | 69 | 70 | 71 | 72 | 73 | 74 | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | 84 | 85 | 86 | 87 | 88 | 89 | 90 | 91 | 92 | 93 | 94 | 95
Les DOM-TOM: 971 | 972 | 973 | 974 | 975 | 976 | 986 | 987 | 988 | French Southern Territories | Îles Éparses
Administrative divisions of France: régions - départements - arrondissements - cantons - communes

de:Allier (Département) eo:Allier fr:Allier (département) it:Allier nl:Allier (departement) oc:Alièr sv:Allier

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