American eel

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American Eel
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Anguillarostratakils.jpg



Anguilla rostrata
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Anguilliformes
Family:Anguillidae
Genus:Anguilla
Species:A. rostrata
Binomial name
Anguilla rostrata

The American eel (Anguilla rostrata) is a fish found on the Eastern coast of the United States. It has a snake-like body with a small sharp pointed head. It is brown on top and a tan-yellow color on the bottom. It has sharp pointed teeth but no pelvic fins.

Contents

Reproduction

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Rostratamuk.jpg
Distribution and size of leptocephali larvae of the American eel
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Rostrataluk.jpg
Glass Eel on the online in situ microscope at the LEO project

The female American eel spawns in salt water, and it takes 9 to 10 weeks for the eggs to hatch. The female can lay up to 4 million buoyant eggs a year, but frequently dies after egg-laying.

Habitat

The eel likes fresh water, and is found around the Atlantic coast including the Chesapeake Bay. It prefers to hunt at night, and during the day it hides in mud, sand, or gravel.

Economic value

American Eels are economically very important to the East Coast and rivers where they travel. They are caught by fishermen and sold, eaten or kept as pets. Eels help the Atlantic coast ecosystem by eating dead fish, invertebrates and carrion, and might even eat insects if hungry enough; it will even eat its own family.

Recreational Angling Importance

Although many anglers are put off by the snake-like appearance of eels and the prodigious amounts of slime they produce when captured, eels are in fact exceptionally good fish. They are usually caught by anglers fishing for something else. The world record weight for the American Eel is 9.25 pounds.

juvenile eels
Enlarge
juvenile eels
  • see also

Eel_life_historyde:Amerikanischer Aal

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