Borrow pit

From Academic Kids

A borrow pit is a term used in construction and civil engineering. It describes an area where material (usually soil, gravel or sand) has been dug for use at another location. The term is literal—meaning a pit from where material was borrowed; although without an implication of someday returning the material. Borrow pits can be found close to many major construction projects. For example, soil might be excavated to build an embankment for a highway, clay might be excavated for use in brick-making, gravel to be used for making concrete, etc.

In some cases, the borrow pits may become filled with water, forming sustainable wildlife habitats (one such example is the Merton Borrow Pit, near Oxford in central England, excavated to provide materials for the nearby M40 motorway). In other cases, borrow pits may be used for waste disposal.

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