Canadian federal election, 1874

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The Canadian parliament after the 1874 election

The Canadian federal election of 1874 was held on January 22, 1874, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. Sir John A. Macdonald's Conservative government was defeated by the Liberal Party under their new leader Alexander Mackenzie.

Macdonald's government had been forced to resign on November 5, 1873 because of allegations of corruption relating to the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway (see the Pacific Scandal). The Liberals under Mackenzie formed an interim government two days later with an election called for January. The Tories were unable to recover from the scandal and lost the election as a result.

The election was the first to use secret ballots in Canada.


National results

3rd Parliament
Party Party Leader # of candidates Seats Popular Vote
1872 Elected Change # % Change

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Alexander Mackenzie 140 95 129 +35.8% 128,455 39.49% +4.77%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative John A. Macdonald 65 63 39 -38.1% 57,691 17.74% -8.02%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Liberal-Conservative1 38 36 26 -27.8% 40,234 12.37% -0.53%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative Labour   1 1 - -100% 1,515 0.47% +0.02%

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Independents 7 1 4 +300% 10,453 3.21% +1.58%

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Independent Liberal 5 2 5 +300% 6,541 2.01% +0.37%

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Independent Conservative 3 2 3 +50% 2,360 0.73% +0.03%

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Unknown 104 -    - - 78,008 23.98% +1.78%
Total 355 200 206 +3.0% 325,247 100%  
Source: Parliamentary website (http://www.parl.gc.ca)

Notes:

1 Liberal-Conservatives sat with the Consevative caucus in the House of Commons.

Acclamations

The following Members of Parliament were elected by acclamation;

  • Ontario: 1 Liberal-Conservative, 13 Liberals
  • Quebec: 10 Conservatives, 4 Liberal-Conservatives, 15 Liberals
  • New Brunswick: 1 Conservative, 3 Liberals, 1 Independent Liberal
  • Nova Scotia: 5 Liberals
  • Prince Edward Island: 2 Liberals

Results by province

Party Name  BC   MB   ON   QU   NB   NS   PEI  Total

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Seats 3 1 61 34 10 15 5 129

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Pop Vote 34.1 47.0 39.6 34.8 47.1 38.1 56.8 39.5

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative Seats 1 1 15 17 2 2 1 39

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Pop Vote 4.5 13.8 19.5 17.6 6.8 17.8 17.5 17.7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Liberal-Conservative Seats 1   10 12 1 2 - 26

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Pop Vote 16.9   10.4 14.9 8.6 19.2 15.4 12.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative Labour Seats     -         -

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Pop Vote     0.9         0.5

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Unknown Seats                

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Pop Vote 29.2 13.8 27.2 27.5 19.9 9.0 10.3 24.0

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Seats   1 - - 2 1   4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Pop Vote   9.5 0.8 2.3 17.6 7.7   3.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal Seats 1   2   1 1   5

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Pop Vote 15.4   1.7     8.2   2.0

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Independent Conservative Seats   1   2       3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Pop Vote   15.9   2.9       0.7
Total Seats 6 4 88 65 16 21 6 206

See also

For a list of candidates elected in the 1874 election, see 3rd Canadian parliament.

For changes between the 1874 and 1878 elections, see By-elections of the 3rd Canadian Parliament.

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