Canadian federal election, 1896

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The Canadian parliament after the 1896 election

The Canadian federal election of 1896 was held on July 11, 1896 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. As a result of the election, the Liberal Party, led by Wilfrid Laurier, formed a majority government.

The election saw a great change in the Liberal Party. While the Liberals had traditionally been the party for radical change and free trade, in the 1896 election, they embraced a much more conservative platform. Because of this, many of the traditional supporters of the Conservative Party moved to the Liberals. The most important change was Laurier's support of the National Policy, an important cause to the powerful business interests of Montreal and Toronto. The Liberal campaign was directed by an ex-Tory, J. Israel Tarte. Laurier was also a strong supporter of provincial rights, and a number of powerful Liberal premiers supported the campaign such as Oliver Mowat (of Ontario) and W.S. Fielding.

The Tories, since the death of John A. Macdonald in 1891, had been disorganized, going through four leaders in five years. The party was also viewed as corrupt and wasteful of public funds. Issues like the Manitoba Schools Question had cost the party support in both French and English Canada. In the 1896 election, the Conservative Party was led by Sir Charles Tupper, a Father of Confederation and former Premier of Nova Scotia.






National results

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1891 Elected Change # % Change

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Wilfrid Laurier 190 90 117 +30.0% 401,425 41.37% -3.85%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative Charles Tupper 190 97 83 -16.9% 430,874 44.40% +1.44%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Liberal-Conservative 17 20 15 -25% 36,541 3.77% -1.85%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Nationalist   5 1 4 +300% 14,121 1.46% +1.46%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Conservative 4 3 4 +33.3% 12,209 1.26% -0.68%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Patrons of Industry   31 * 2 * 38,275 3.94% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

McCarthyite Dalton McCarthy 11 * 2 * 12,861 1.33% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent 18 2 1 -50% 13,870 1.43% +0.61%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal 1 1 1 - 2,353 0.24% -0.48%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Protestant Protective   5 * - * 6,233 0.64% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Unknown 1 - - - 1,622 0.17% -2.01%
Total 473 214 229 +7.0% 970,384 100%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867 (http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/process/house/hfer/hfer.asp?Language=E)

Note:

* Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

Acclamations:

The following Members of Parliament were elected by acclamation;

  • Ontario: 1 Patron of Industry
  • Quebec: 1 Conservative, 2 Liberals

Results by province

Party Name BC NW MB ON QC NB NS PE Total

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Seats: 4 3 2 43 49 4 10 2 117

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Popular Vote (%): 51.2 46.0 31.0 40.5 53.8 42.5 31.9 51.0 41.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative Seats: 2 1 4 34 16 4 20 2 83

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Vote (%): 48.8 43.9 45.1 40.9 45.2 31.5 65.4 40.5 44.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Liberal-Conservative Seats:     1 7   5 1 1 15

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Vote (%):     8.0 4.0 0.4 17.5 2.2 8.5 2.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Nationalist Seats:       4 -       4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote (%):       3.2 0.5       1.5

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Conservative Seats:       4         4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote (%):       3.0         1.3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Patrons of Industry Seats:       2         2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote (%):     7.6 8.3 0.7       3.9

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

McCarthyite Seats:     1 1         2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote (%):     8.3 2.4         1.3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Seats:   -   -   1 -   1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote (%):   10.0   1.4   8.6 0.5   1.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal Seats:       1         1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote (%):       0.6         0.2
Total Seats 6 4 8 88 65 14 31 5 229
Parties that won no seats:

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Protestant Protective Vote (%):       1.5         0.6

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Unknown Vote (%):       0.4         0.2

Template:Sequence

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